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Elizabeth the Queen
by Emmelia Maglinte
Elizabeth was born on September 7th in 1533. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII, and Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth was one of the first English monarchs to be born of pure English parents. Her mother was never able to bare Henry a son. Anne suffered one or two miscarriages before delivering a still-born son. King Henry Had Anne arrested for treason and adultery.
Henry couldn't divorce Anne, for there was no grounds to do so. So she was accused of adultery, found guilty, and ordered to be executed. Anne Boleyn was executed in 1536 when Elizabeth was only three years old. During that time Elizabeth fell from her fathers favor. But his third wife, Jane Seymour, made him take Elizabeth back into his favor. Jane gave Henry a son who they named Edward. Elizabeth and Edward were raised together in the royal nursery for a short time. During that time Henry married twice. His fourth wife was Anne of Cleves, his fifth wife was Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr was his sixth and final wife. Catherine Parr was well-educated and it was her influence that allowed Elizabeth to be educated in French, Italian, Greek and Latin. Elizabeth became one of the most educated women of her time thanks to her stepmother.
King Henry finally died in 1547. His son Edward became King of England when he was still a child. He had two uncles who were named as Protector and Lord High Admiral. The youngest of the uncles married Catherine Parr without the permission of the Parliament. He had first tried to marry Mary Tudor and Elizabeth, but was refused by both. Edward died in 1553 from an unknown illness. He named Lady Jane Grey his successor, but she only ruled for nine days before being overthrown and beheaded by the rightful heir, Mary Tudor.
During "Bloody" Mary's short and unhappy rule, Elizabeth was once sent to the Tower of London as a prisoner accused of attempting to overthrow her sisters rule, but later forgiven by her older sister. Elizabeth waited very patiently for the throne, and after Mary's death, she was finally crowned Queen at the age of twenty-five. Elizabeth never married, but it was said that she fell in love with Sir Robert Dudley. She would have married him, but he was suspected of murdering his wife, Amy Robsart. From then on Elizabeth decided that she would live a virgin and die a virgin.
Elizabeth loved clothes with tight bodices with huge sleeves and uncomfortable ruffs. She loves books as much as she loved clothes. She actually took one of the prayer books that Queen Catherine Parr wrote and translated it into Latin, French and Italian. She wrote all this at the age of fifteen.
One of the biggest personal threats to Queen Elizabeth was Mary, Queen of Scots. Mary was the granddaughter of Henry VIIIís sister Margaret Tudor and King James IV of Scotland. Mary tried many times to take over Elizabethís throne, but was unsuccessful every time. Finally, Mary was arrested and put in the Tower of London. Elizabeth signed her death warrant in 1587.
Perhaps the biggest threat to England during Elizabeth's rule came in 1588 from the Spanish Armada. Philip II of Spain intended this fleet to cause the overthrow of Elizabeth in favor of himself, thus restoring Catholicism to England, but the Spanish Armada was destroyed in a naval battle in the English Channel.
Elizabeth died on March 24, 1603, at the age of 70. She had ruled for about 45 years. The same day she died a rider sped north on relays of horses night and day to be first to tell James Stuart, King of Scotland, that he was also now King of England. The time of the House of Tudor had ended, and time of the House of Stuart had come.
Bassnett S. Elizabeth the First. Danbury: Grolier Publishing, 1988.
Carolly, and Erickson. The first Elizabeth. Danbury: Grolier Publishing, 1984.
Finley. The Book of knowledge. The Grolier Society Inc, 1938.
Shuman, George L. The New Wonder World, 1944.
Martin. Queen Elizabeth. New York: The Time Inc., 1989
Picture #1 - "Anne Bolyn" from: http://members.tripod.com/hannah11/elizabeth1.html
Picture #2 - "Henry VIII" from: http://members.tripod.com/hannah11/elizabeth1.html
Picture #3 - "Catherine Parr" from: http://tudor.simplenet.com/henry8/gallery.html
Picture #4 - "The Virgin Queen" from: http://home.hiwaay.net/~crispen/tudor/index.html
Picture #5 - "Elizabeth I" from: http://members.tripod.com/hannah11/elizabeth1.html
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