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by Bryan Pavlovic
Portrait of Stalin
After the death of Lenin in 1924, Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union with an iron fist for 24 years. Stalin rarely appeared to be what he really was and consistently was underestimated by his opponents. Stalin pushed the Solviet Union into world power, but with this power he forced his nation upon one of the most ruthless reigns in history.
Stalin soon after joining Bolsheviks
The Social Democrats split into two groups in 1903, the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. Stalin joined the more drastic Bolsheviks. Their leader Vladimir Ilich Lenin liked Stalin's practical understanding of Russian nationality problems. During this period of time, Stalin was arrested repeatedly, but escaped imprisonment most of the time. But in 1902, after being arrested in Batum and he spent more than a year in prison before being exiled to Siberia. Between 1902 and 1913 Stalin was arrested eight times, exiled seven times, and escaped six times. Stalin's last exile in 1913 lasted until 1917, when he returned just after the Russian Revolution had overthrown the Czar's government.
Stalin as Leader of Bolsheviks
In 1912, Stalin's loyalty to Lenin paid off when Lenin appointed him to the Bolshevik Central Committee. Stalin gained respect and power among the Bolsheviks. He soon began to use the name Stalin, which means, "Man of Steel."
Symbol Of The USSR
In 1939, just prior to World War II, Stalin, who feared the power of Nazi Germany, signed an non-aggression treaty with Hitler. But, the Treaty lasted only two years, when the Germans broke it and invaded the Soviet Union in 1941. Of course, this angered Stalin, and he decided to wage his own war on Nazi Germany, he rallied his people against Germany, and started forcing the Germans out after the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943. Soon Russian troops were invading Germany. At the end of the war, he forced communism on the countries occupied by his troops.
Stalin, FDR, and Churchill at the Yalta conference During World War II
Between 1944 and 1952 Stalin was involved with an economic and ideological struggle with the Western nations called the "Cold War." He cut the Solviet Union off from as much contact with the "capitalistic West" as he could and hid behind what became known as "The Iron Curtain." The struggle included confrontations such as the Berlin Blockade and the Korean War. Stalin's paranoia became Solviet policy.
Rosenberg, William G. "Joseph Stalin" Grolier 1998 Interactive Encyclopedia, 05/23/00
" Stalin's 5 year plan" @ http://members.aol.com/marcin23/5yearplan.htm 05/22/00
"Communism Online" @ http://www.cyberenet.net/~lking/stal.htm 05/22/00
"Marxism and the national question" @ http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1913/03.htm , online, 05/22/00
Picture #1 - "Portrait of Stalin" From: http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/photo/s1936a.htm
Picture #2 - "Stalin after Joining Bolsheviks" From: http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/photo/s1912a.htm
Picture #3 - "Stalin as Leader of Bolsheviks" From: http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/photo/s1915a.htm
Picture #4 - "Symbol Of The USSR" From: http://members.aol.com/redtsar/index.html
Picture #5 - "Stalin, FDR and Churchill at the Yalta conference during WWII: From: http://www.earthstation1.com/2ndWWPics/BigThreeColorYalta4502.jpg
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