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by April Buchanan
Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was the eldest son of Lord Randolph Churchill. He was born on November 30, 1874. He was a soldier, statesman, historian, writer, and reporter. He is probably best known for his stubborn and courageous leadership as the Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II.
Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at the Conference of Teheran
He was elected to Parliament as a Conservative in 1900, but in 1904, he switched to the Liberal Party. He was the President of the Board of Trade between 1908 and 1910. After that he was appointed Home Secretary from 1910 to 1911, where he worked with David Lloyd George, and he championed innovative labor laws and old age pension acts. In 1911, he left Home Office and he became the First Lord of the Admiralty who presided over the naval expansion that preceded World War I.
Churchill, Mackenzie King and Roosevelt at Quebec City
Then in 1915, his career was almost destroyed as a result of his support of the unsuccessful Gallipoli campaign during the First World War. As a result he lost his admiralty post, but served on the front lines in France for the remainder of the war.
Winston Churchill Relaxing
When Germany fell under the rule of Adolf Hitler, he issued unheeded warnings of the threat of Nazi Germany. When World War II broke out in September of 1939, Neville Chamberlain appointed him First Lord of the Admiralty once again on September 3, 1939.
Sir Winston Churchill (Official Government Photo)
Churchill was undoubtedly one of the greatest public figures of the 20th Century. Extraordinary vitality, imagination, and boldness characterized his whole career. He died in 1965. His death marked the end of an era in British History. He was given a state funeral and was buried at Blenheim Palace.Sources:
"Toy Soldier Gallery" @ http://www.schrepf.com/TSG/Articles/Churchill/Churchill-e.html, 5/10/00
"Winston Churchill" @ http://tceplus.com/churchil.htm, 5/10/00
"Churchill: The Evidence" @ http://www.churchill.nls.ac.uk/, 5/10/00
Picture #1 – "Sir Winston Churchill" from: http://www.schrepf.com/TSG/Articles/Churchill/Churchill-e.html
Picture #2 - "Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin" from: http://www.schrepf.com/TSG/Articles/Churchill/Churchill-e.html
Picture #3 – "Churchill, Mackenzie King and Roosevelt" from: http://tceplus.com/churchil.htm
Picture #4 - "Winston Churchill relaxing" from: http://search.corbis.com/
Picture #5 – "Winston Churchill (Official Government Photo)" from: http://www.schrepf.com/TSG/Articles/Churchill/Churchill-e.html
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