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Political Flags of Extremism - Part 1 (a-m)
(Including Hate Groups, Far-Right, Far-Left, and Ultra-Nationalists)

|  Flags of Extremism Part 1 (a-m)   |  Flags of Extremism Part 2 (n)   |  Flags of Extremism Part 3 (o-z)   |

        I agonized over these sections. Whether to ignore these flags and what they stand for, or include them was a tough decision. I feared including them would constitute legitimizing them, and certainly didn't want to do that. In the end I thought it important that they be identified for what they stood for, because many times they have been unknowingly displayed or incorrectly identified as historical by unsuspecting or uninformed individuals or flag companies.
        These are flags that many times "migrate" from group to group, many of which rapidy appear and disappear as they change their names, and this makes identification even more difficult. Many of these groups were (and are very small) and don't exist any longer, but their flags continue to be used by other modern extremists. Unfortunately, there are a number of people who, like Ayn Rand's characters in "Atlas Shrugged," think there is something wrong in the world, that the world isn't following the right value system. As an alternative, they get into extremist politics like anarchism, environmentalism, neo-fascism, and radical traditionalism. The scary part is that this page only identifies a small portion of the Flags of Extremism being sold today. The sad truth be known, any flag or cultural symbol's true meaning can be used, then distorted and eventually destroyed by their misuse by these extremists groups.
        Please be aware that in NO WAY does this site support the beliefs, policies, or philosophies of these organizations, nor encourage the displaying of these flags.


Image by Marcus Schmöger
17-N Flag

November 17 (Greece)

November 17 took its name from the date of an uprising of a group of students at the Polytechnical School in Athens in 1973. The student uprising was crushed by the Greek Military Junta (1967-1974) led by Colonel Georgios Papadopoulos, who had seized dictatorial powers in the coup d´état of 1967. The 17-N group was founded in 1975, one year after the fall of the military junta. Their first act of terrorism was the assasination of Richard Welch, the head of the CIA bureau in Athens. Over 21 people were later added to the murder and kill list of 17-N, including American, British and Turkish diplomats as well as Greek policemen, businessmen and politicians.

The group was dismantled with the help of an international task force led by Scotland Yard in 2002. The leaders of the group were Alexandre Giotopoulos, arrested in 2002 on the Island of Lipsos, and Dimitris Koufondinas, known as "the man with a thousand faces," who surrendered to police the same year.



Image by Tomislav Todorovic
ACA Flag


Image by R-41, Wikipedia
Variant ACA Flag
(questionable ratio and color)


Image by Pete Loeser
Saint Patrick's cross/saltire
- Traditional Irish Flag -
(use by the Greenshirts unverified)


Army Comrades Association (Ireland)
National Guard - Blueshirts (Na Léinte Gorma)

In 1932, a right-wing Irish organization, first called the Army Comrades Association (ACA), then the National Guard, and eventually merged into the Fine Gael Party, was started by Thomas F. O'Higgins and "General" Eoin O'Duffy, who where the first two leaders. Because the membership wore "St. Patrick´s blue," (sky blue) shirts, they soon became more popularly known by their nickname of "The Blueshirts." The Blueshirts, at least on the surface, appeared to be the Irish equivalent of the German Brownshirts or Italian Blackshirts; they wore paramilitary-style uniforms, greeted each other with Roman salutes, and participated in street violence and fights, usually against the IRA. Although they didn't seem to completely follow Fascist doctrine and didn't engage in political terrorism, the Blueshirts were declared an extremist and illegal organization by the Irish government.

After the banning in 1933, the National Guard has merged into the newly founded Fine Gael party, with O'Duffy as its first president who, after serious disagreements with other party leaders, resigned in 1934 and left to form the National Corporate Party, an openly Fascist organization nicknamed the "Greenshirts", in 1935. Only a minority of former Blueshirts followed him; most of them remained in the Fine Gael, which soon distanced itself from the extremism and evolved into a modern party of the center-right, participating in several coalition governments, including the current one (2011-present). O'Duffy later led Irish volunteers to aid the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1937) and had contacts with the Third Reich until his death in 1944, but his "Greenshirt" party was defunct by the end of 1937. The actual flag the Greenshirts used is currently unknown, although one undocumented source indicates they simply used the traditional Saint Patrick's Cross/Saltire Flag.

The Blueshirts´ flag, later also used briefly by the Fine Gael Party, was charged with the red saltire of St. Patrick on a field of light sky blue, the same color as used on the Blueshirts´ uniforms. Contemporary black and white photos clearly show flags with dark saltire on a light field that match their shirts, which were worn with dark ties, trousers and caps. The surviving Blueshirts' uniforms confirm the use of the light sky blue.


Image by Pete Loeser
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #1


Image by António Martins
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #2


Image by Antonio Martins
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #3


Image by António Martins
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #4


Image by António Martins
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #5


Image by Pete Loeser
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #6

Anarchist Movements (worldwide)

There are probably as many different kinds of Anarchist Movements as there are different ideologies or traditions in most normal societies. The term "anarchism" is basically used by people who want to abolish the government, abolish capitalism, abolish violence, abolish technology, abolish large-scale production, or abolish as existing society as whole. They seek to overturn, by violence if necessary, all constituted forms and institutions of society and government, with no plans for establishing any other system of order in the place of that destroyed. Basically, an anarchist is a person who promotes disorder or revolt against any established rule, law, or custom.

Image by Viktor Lomantsov
   
Image by Marcus Schmöger
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #7
   
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #8
Image by António Martins
   
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #9
   
Anarchist Flag
Generic Type #10

Image by Marcus Schmöger
   
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Anarchists & Soviet Communists
Munich, Germany
   
"Anti-Globalist" Movement Flag
Voronezh, Russia

Image by Dave Martucci
   
Image by Jorge Candeias
Youth International Party Flag
United States
   
Australian Anarchist Group
Sidney, Australia

Image by Ivan Sache
   
Images by Ivan Sache
Fulor Movement Flag
Brittany - Type #1
   
Fulor Movement Flag
Brittany - Type #2

These flags are examples of hundreds of flags used by a wide variety of Anarchist movements world-wide. The generic ones can be found with a large variety of defacements, usually with white lettering, messages, or emblems.

The flag of the Youth International Party (late 1960s-early 1970s) is an especially interesting combination: black field for anarchy, red star of socialism, and green Marijuana leaves. Not surprising since the party leaders were Abby Hoffman and Jerry Rubin.



Anarcho-Feminists Flag


Anarcho-Feminists Flag (worldwide)

The Anarcho-Feminism movement (Anarcha-feminism, anarchist feminism) basically combines anarchism with feminism. It views all "male dominated" society (patriarchies) as an "involuntary and coercive hierarchy" that should be replaced by "decentralized free association." Anarcho-feminists believe that the struggle against patriarchy is an essential part of class struggle and the state.

Because of the very nature of Anarchism itself, we included the Anarcho-Feminist's flag here, but there has been few documented examples of any violence associated with this movement.


Image from Pete Loeser
Market Anarchist Flag
("Black & Gold" Flag)



Image from Pete Loeser
Anarcho-Capitalist Flag
("Rattlesnake" Flag)

Anarcho-Capitalists/Market Anarchists (USA)

Anarcho-capitalism (also known as Free-Market Anarchism, Market Anarchism, Anarcho-Syndicalism, Private-Property Anarchism, and a host of other names) basically wants some sort of stateless society, where an economic system based on uncontrolled market interactions exist without regulation. Within these divergent groups there are a multitude of views on property and labor relations that differ significantly, and while many consider themselves simply anti-capitalists and oppose private ownership of the means of production, others stress the necessity of protecting private property, describing this as an integral component of individual rights and a free market economy. In short, there seems to be little agreement among the groups about what happens when government ceases to exist, nor the means of accomplishing it.

Image from Pete Loeser     Image from Pete Loeser
Black Gadsden Flag
   
Tactical Gadsden Flag

In the United States combining the Market Anarchist Flag with the Gadsden Flag favored by the Tea Party seems to have caught on, although no connection between the two groups is apparent, and many variant designs exist. The Market Anarchist flag is also known as the "Black & Gold" or "Black & Yellow" flag, with the black representing Anarchy and the yellow/gold representing physical gold itself.


Image by Ivan Sache
Antifas Flag

Image by Ivan Sache
Breizh Antifa Flag

Anti-Fascist Action (France)
Action antifasciste

The Anti-Fascist Action (Action antifasciste), founded in 2008, is a network of French autonomous (extreme-leftist) antifascist groups. These groups and their members are known as antifas. The French antifas are "affiliated" to an informal group of similar movements that emerged all over Europe (Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Spain) in the 1990s. They are based on the German Communist Antifaschistiche Aktion movement of the 1930s which was crushed by the Nazis after they got into power in 1933. Their main goal is to get rid extreme-rightist and neo-Nazi movements, stopping at nothing, including street violence and illegal acts.

The flag of Action antifasciste is red with the movement's logo, a red and a black flag placed on a white disk surrounded by a black ring charged with the name of the organization, written in white letters. The emblem is a modernisation of the emblem used by the German Antifaschstische Aktion in the 1930s, originally with two red flags and a red ring. The black color was added by the modern antifa movements, symbolizing the union of Communists and anarchists against fascists.

Most European antifa movements use a same emblem and flag, with appropriate indentifying text. The flag of the Breton branch of Action Antifasciste is a good example of this. Notice the upper, red flag has been replaced by a Breton flag and the ring around the emblem is inscribed with the name of the group Breizh Antifa.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
APL Flag
"The Grain and Gear"

American Party of Labor (USA)

The American Party of Labor (APL) is a Communist organization started in the United States in 2007. The party platform was established at the new Party’s First General Congress on December 6, 2008, held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Although the party claims membership across the United States, the largest party activity seems to be in the Atlanta and Milwaukee areas. The current APL General Secretary is Alexander I. Serpov.

Although the APL has not been linked with any violent activities, the party draws its inspiration from the teachings of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Hoxha and calls for a workers' revolution to end national control of the rich "ruling class." APL activities include a webpage, a newspaper called "The Red Phoenix," and the Red Star Library where they maintain a collection of Marxist-Leninist texts assembled or published by the APL to promote their version of Marxist-Leninist history and theory. The APL version of "Marxism-Leninism" seems to be closer to that of "Stalinism" and the "Hoxhaism" of Enver Hoxha of Albania.

The APL party calls its red flag "The Grain and Gear" because an ear of grain and a incomplete gear wheel are combined with the star of Communism into their emblem.


Image from Metapedia
ARNE Flag

Ecuadorian Nationalist Revolutionary Action (Ecuador)
Acción Revolucionaria Nacionalista Ecuatoriana

The Acción Revolucionaria Nacionalista Ecuatoriana (ARNE) was a political movement founded in 1942; it was organized and militant, strongly doctrinaire; very unlike other movements and Ecuadorian political parties of the period who lacked a proper structure.

In 1942, a group of students founded the "Companies Functional National Revolutionary Offensive" (CONDOR). This organization soon became the ARNE political movement, which supported revolutionary nationalism - Falange, fascism, etc. It was led by George Moon Yépes and under his leadership developed very rapidly among young Catholics and the industrial sectors. ARNE is regarded as one of the three major political forces of Ecuador in the second half of the 20th century. However in 1979, with the fall of the dictators, ARNE was denied legal recognition, and although somewhat active during the early 80s it never again was a political force of any importance.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
ANSP Flag

American National Socialist Party (USA)

In this country, the neo-Nazis keep splitting up and forming new factions. The American National Socialist Party (ANSP) is one such splinter group. Their motto is "Raising up from the ashes, rebuilding the white race, one person at a time." They maintain several similar websites including "the one and only true Aryan Nations," and another for a youth group called "The Werewolf Youth Legion." They are headquartered in Chillicothe, Ohio.

The ANSP flag is slightly reminiscent of the flag of the short-lived West German Socialist Reich Party of Germany of the early 1950s. It has a red field with a fearsome-looking black eagle centered on it. The eagle is defaced with a crossed sword and lightning bolt providing a frame for the red letters ANSP.


Image by Marcus Schmöger
ANS-NA Flag

Image by Marcus Schmöger
ANS-NA Flag
Variant

Action Front Nationalist/National Activists (Germany)
Aktionsfront Nationaler Sozialisten/Nationale Aktivisten

The Aktionsfront Nationaler Sozialisten/Nationale Aktivisten (ANS-NA) was a very active and violent German neo-Nazi organization.

They were originally founded in 1977 by Michael Kühnen under the name of the "Action Front of National Socialists" (ANS). By 1979, their violent policies resulted in most of their leaders being arrested and jailed.

In 1983, they merged with the Nationale Aktivisten (National Activists), an organization led by Thomas Brehl, and combined the names to form the Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists, or ANS/NA. The ANS/NA was in turn banned in 1983. At the time it had about 240 members.

The group used two different flags. One had a black-white-red horizontal triband with a rune-like "S" in the center; the other was a variant of the National Socialist flag called the "reverse swastika." It is the red flag with the white disk, in which a hidden white swastika appears in parts with black accents in the background, shown to the left. Squint your eyes and you'll begin to make out the hidden white swastika.


Image by Vinson Nash
AV (New Jersey Bund) Flag

Image from Pete Loeser
AV (New York City Bund) Flag

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
AV Youth Unit Flag
(assumed to be a unit flag)

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
AV Youth House Banner
(assumed to be the general Flag)

German American Bund 1936-1941 (USA)
Amerikadeutscher Volksbund (AV)

The German American Bund (AV), or "German American Federation," was a pre-World War II American Nazi organization active in New York between 1936-1939, whose roots can be found in the earlier Teutonia Club (1924-1933) and in the FDND ("Friends of New Germany" - Freunde Des Neue Deutschland) movement between 1933-1936. An internal power struggle fought for control over the Friends in 1934 resulted in Heinz Spanknöbel, Alter Kämpfer, and Fritz Julius Kuhn starting the new German American Bund in Buffalo, New York.

The Bund established training camps in New Jersey, New York, and Wisconsin. Fritz Julius Kuhn was named Bund Leader (Bundesfûhrer), and under his leadership the Bund held rallies complete with Nazi insignia, emblems and rituals. They vocally attacked and held demonstrations against Jews, Communist, trade unions and the Roosevelt administration. In the process they claimed their main goal was to promote a favorable view of Nazi Germany. However, the Bund received no financial or verbal support from Germany, and in 1938, the Nazi government actually declared that no Nazi emblems could be used by the organization. This was done to distance Germany from the Bund which had become an embarrassment to the then current German government policies with some of its rhetoric and actions. Naturally, the AV's public activities pretty well ended with the declaration of war against Nazi Germany in December of 1941.

The first two Bund flags shown here were seen at German-American Bund activities in New Jersey and in New York City. The second flag seems to have been modeled after German military flags. Naturally, there were also large displays of both the Stars and Stripes and the NSDAP Swastika flag displayed at AV events.

The activities of the German-American Bund included several Bund Youth Groups, or DJ (Jugendschaft), who had (assumed) unit flags on black fields mirroring the German Youth Troop flags (Fahnleinfahne). These unit flags were of simple design and consisted of a single runic "S" thunderbolt on a black background. (The assumption they were unit colors is based on the fact that this flag many times had unit numbers inscribed in red in the canton) The second type of Bund Youth Group flag consisted of a white runic "S" thunderbolt centered on the black field, surrounded by a white circle which was centered on a white cross. This elongated banner seemed to have served the purpose of a general Bund Jugendschaft, or house flag, since no unit designations were present.


Image by  Tomislav Todorovic
AWB Flag - Type #1

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
AWB Flag - Type #2

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
AWB Flag - Type #3 - Front

mage by Tomislav Todorovic
AWB Flag - Type #3 - Back

Image provided by Rick Prohaska
Modern Afrikaner Resistance
Aryan Guard - Blood and Iron
(Calgary, Canada)


Afrikaner Resistance Movement (South Africa)
Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging

Essentially a variation on the swastika, and popular for that reason, the triskele was a symbol occasionally used by the Nazi regime, most notably as the insignia for a Waffen SS division composed of Belgian volunteers. After World War II, the "Three Sevens" version of the triskele was popularized by white supremacists in Europe and South Africa. The symbol is also used as part of the logo of the international racist skinhead group, "Blood & Honour."

The Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (Afrikaner Resistance Movement) or AWB, is a far right political organization and former paramilitary group in South Africa under the leadership of Eugène Terre'Blanche. The AWB claims that the three sevens symbolized supremacy over the devil. They are committed to the restoration of an independent Boere-Afrikaner republic or "Boerestaat" within South Africa. In their heyday they received much publicity both in South Africa and abroad as an extremist white supremacist group.

The AWB Flag (Type #2) was introduced in 1979, but was withdrawn from official use after a short time in favor of already well-established flag with three 7's. The star was said to have represented the Star of Bethlehem, and the Christianity in general. The flag with three 7's (Type #1) was the original flag of the movement; although it was replaced with the flag charged with the stars and letters AW in 1979, it was reintroduced in same year and used ever since. The flag was designed by Jan Groenewald, one of the founders of the movement, and slightly modified by Dries Albert, who was in charge of the movement's propaganda.

According to Groenewald himself, the inspiration for the design did come from the Nazi flag, however, the three digits were always described as a Christian symbol, the number 777 having been described as the biblical symbol of perfection and of God himself, as opposed to the number 666 which symbolizes the Antichrist.

According to Groenewald, the color red on the flag stood for blood, white stood for the purity of the White race, and black stood for bravery.

The previous national flag of the South Africa was not much used by the AWB, having been generally considered the symbol of subjugation of Boer independence by the British Empire, so the flags of Boer republics were usually used instead. A flag derived from the national flag was used sometimes, on which the Union Jack was replaced with the AWB flag. The reverse of this flag was not identical to the front because three 7's were not mirrored, although the position of the whole AWB flag was (flags of the Boer republics were mirrored completely).

Modern White Supremacist supporters still occasionally fly a flag with a Nazi-like death head skull centered over the "Three Sevens" symbol. Its most recent appearance is in Canada, where it is being used the neo-Nazi group "Blood and Iron," a successor group to the Aryan Guard, under the leadership of Kyle McKee, who has been called the "micro-furhrer of Calgary" by the police.


Image by António Martins
ASF Flag

Image by Clive Nel
ASF Flag (variant)
Afrikaner Student Federation (South Africa)
Afrikaner Studentebond

The odal rune is used by the South African African Student Federation. It is the last letter of futhark, the "modern" 16 letter viking rune set. It was originally used by ethnic Germans (Volksdeutsche) from the Yugoslavia SS-regiment (The 7. SS Freiwillingen-Gebirgs — Division Prinz Eugen) operating during World War II in the Nazi Germany sponsored State of Croatia.

Today the odal rune is widely used by right-wing nationalist youth groups like the Wiking Jugend in Germany and other counties. It was banned in Germany in 1994. The flag used by the Wiking Jugend was black with a red odal rune in its center.

The odal Rune is sometimes referred to as "Odin's Rune." It is a symbol of a Pagan Religion called Odinism. Neither the religion nor the symbol is racist, but both have been co-opted by certain sectors of the Far Right.


Image by A.H.
AHF Flag

Image by A.H.
DHF Flag

All-Germanic Heathens Front & German Heathens Front (Germany)
Allgermanische Heidnische (AHF) & Deutsche Heidnische Front (DHF)

The Allgermanische Heidnische Front (AHF) was a far right militant Neopagan international organization espousing a philosophy influenced by Ásatrú (Odinism). Notice the strong resemblance of their flag to the flag of the Hitler Jugend, with the alghiz rune replacing the swastika. The AHF was founded and initially led by Norwegian black metal musician and heathen Varg Vikernes, who founded the Norsk Hedensk Front (Norwegian Heathen Front), which soon evolved into the AHF. (Varg Vikernes later ceased to be involved with the organization) The group seeked to restore ancient Germanic religion of Odinism and was strongly anti-Semitic. In 2001, the AHF claimed chapters in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, the USA, Canada, Russia, and Flanders, but since 2006, the Allgermanische Heidnische Front is apparently defunct.

The German chapter, Deutsche Heidnische Front (DHF), was founded in 1998 by avowed neo-Nazi Hendrik Möbus. The group publishes a magazine "Tuisto," which deals with pagan, cultural and historical themes. Their flag's central image is the Eye of Wotan (Odin), and like the AHF flag, also uses the algiz rune, in this case both upright and reversed.



AFM Flag


AFM Flag


Italian Social Republic Flag
1944-45

American Fascist Movement Flags (USA)

Lawrence Dennis, an American diplomat and author, advocated fascism and talked of founding the "American Fascist Party" in the years following the Great Depression, but the group never materialized. Dennis and others were later tried for sedition under the Smith Act in what became known as "The Great Sedition Trial of 1944." The case ended in a mistrial when the judge died of a heart-attack.

The presence or absence of elements of fascism in the United States since World War II has been a matter of continuing dispute. Groups identified as neo-fascist in the United States generally include neo-Nazi organizations such as the National Alliance and the American Nazi Party.

Some say the Fascist Movement is a secret group of Americans who want a strong military government to take control of the United States and put down the protesters, greeners, and ultra-liberals. Others say an American Fascist party doesn't actually exist and its name is used just as a marketing ploy to sell Fascist memorabilia.

On their website, the current American Fascist Movement claims to be against racism and Nazism, materialism, globalism, capitalism and communism, and superficiality. They claim they are for meritocracy, timocracy, sacrifice, nationalism, cooperation (State Corporatism), and virtue.

A large section of their website is dedicated to merchandising. It is also interesting to note, that at the American Fascist Movement's website store, three flags are offered for sale, including a modern replica of the "Italian Social Republic Flag (1944-45)," a modern variant of the "Italian National Fascist Party Flag (1922-1943)," and what appears to be an Italian national flag with the fasces superimposed in black on the white vertical stripe.


Image by António Martins
AIB Flag

Brazilian Integralist Action (Brazil)
Ação Integralista Brasileira (AIB)

The Ação Integralista Brasileira (AIB), also called the "Green Shirts" after their uniform shirt color, was a fascist movement founded in 1932 by Plínio Salgado after the 1930 revolution that brought Getúlio Vargas to power. Vargas banned all parties in 1937 and foiled an Integralist plot to seize power by force during the 1938 elections by declaring a state of siege. The AIB was revived in the guise of the PRP, one of the legal parties permitted after World War II, which were in turn abolished when the armed forces seized power from the elected civilian government in 1964.

Plinio Salgado was an admirer of Mussolini and Hitler. He tried to adapt some of the Nazi-Fascist elements into Integralism. The Green Shirts had a salute similar to the Nazi salute, but instead of the straight hand, they pointed the palm of the hand to the front and said "Anaue," meaning "You are my brother" in the native indian Tupi language.


Image by Eugene Ipavec
ANP Flag (original)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
ANP Flag (variant globe)
(also used by the new ANP)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
ANP Flag (variant globe)
(rarely used)


Image by Pete Loeser
ANP Flag (blank globe variant)
(frequently used)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Rockwell's Campaign Flag 1965


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
NSWPP Bicentennial Flag 1976
(ANP reorganized as NSWPP)


Image by Joe McMillan and Eugene Ipavec
13-Stars and Stripes Flag
(rarely seen or used)

American Nazi Party (USA)

The American Nazi Party, founded by George Lincoln Rockwell in 1959 and led by him until his death, had a flag like that of Nazi Germany with a small blue globe in the center of the swastika, representing the world being consumed by the swastika. The depiction of the globe on party flag and emblem varied: sometimes it was showing only the North America and some of neighboring regions, but it was sometimes also showing all continents, together with the meridians and parallels as in the current United Nations flag, and there were few of its depictions as in the original United Nations flag. On many occasions, the globe was simplified to a blank solid blue circle, as can be seen in some early color photographs. Rockwell initially called his party the "World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists" (WUFENS), but later renamed it the American Nazi Party in 1960 to attract maximum media attention. The party, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, largely based its platform upon the ideals and policies of Adolf Hitler's NSDAP, but added a policy of Holocaust denial, and expressed allegiance to the Constitutional principles of the American Founding Fathers.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
   
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
ANP Banner
(also used by the new ANP)
   
ANP Banner
(Used in October 1961 demonstration)

In a "Keep the Redskins White!" demonstration members of the American Nazi Party demonstrated against desegregating the Washington Redskins football team in October of 1961. At the time the Washington DC pro-football team was the last remaining all-white team in the league, and although desegregated today, it remains the only team in the NFL whose name is considered a racial slur.

In 1965, Rockwell ran for the governor of Virginia, finishing last among the four candidates. Although the ANP had already existed for six years, he ran as an independent candidate, probably in order to make himself more acceptable to the voters, and used a flag in his campaign which was derived from the Confederate flag by replacing the stars with the words ROCKWELL GOVERNOR in white. The flag was actually made from a real Confederate flag on which the stars were painted into blue before the letters were added.

In 1967, Rockwell was killed by John Patler, a former party member whom Rockwell had ejected from the party for allegedly trying to introduce Marxist doctrine into the party's platforms. The ANP name was changed to the National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP) in 1967 shortly before Rockwell's assassination.

The so-called Bicentennial Flag of the National Socialist White Peoples Party was first seen in a demonstration in 1976 on the Fourth of July outside the White house. The NSWPP party claimed the flag celebrated America's Bicentennial and had nothing to do with any bicentennial of the National Socialist Movement which, of course, began in 1919. The red-white-blue Bicentennial flag was designed by Matt Koehl, the current leader of both the New Order and the World Union of National Socialists (WUNS). Koehl has a long history of being in leadership positions in various extremist groups, including the National Renaissance Party (NRP), the United White Party (UWP), the National States' Rights Party (NSRP), and the American Nazi Party (ANP). In August 1967, Koehl succeeded the George Lincoln Rockwell as "Commander" of the National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP), and renamed it the "New Order" in 1983. By then, several splits resulted in formation of new neo-Nazi groups, mostly due to Koehl's policies, based on his vision of Nazism as a religious movement rather than a political one. Since mid-1980s, the New Order has been headquartered in New Berlin, Wisconsin, preaching Nazism as a pseudo-religion, without any public political activities.

Today, the name "American Nazi Party" has been adopted by an organization led by Rocky J. Suhayda, a former member of Rockwell's original party in 1960s, and headquartered in Westland, Michigan. Rocky Suhayda was later affiliated with a group in Detroit called the SS Action Group led By Ted Dunn in the 1980s. Dunn ran a kind of a soup kitchen operation feeding those who "fought" under his leadership. The new group claims George Lincoln Rockwell as their founder, but there seems no actual connection to the original ANP, apart from the fact that their website sells nostalgic reprints of Rockwell's 1960s-era magazine "The Stormtrooper" and replica flags of the original party.

The new American Nazi Party uses a version of the original ANP Flag (shown top left, with blue UN-style globe) on their website and a vertical banner (shown left) at their rallies. However, a few years ago, they sold flags of various countries and states with a swastika superimposed on their designs, including the 13-star United States flag shown on the left.


Image by Colonel Emerson Begolly
al-Qaeda Flag


Syria-Iraq al-Qaida Flag (ISIS)

al-Qaeda "The Base" (Saudi Arabia)
al-Qaeda

This flag sometimes has been used by cells of the extremist Arab terrorist organization al-Qaeda, who have been responsible for many senseless bombings and deaths. It is black with the "long version" of the Shahada in a yellowish color and a yellowish circle in the center. A variant has the lettering and circle in white. The flag is never flown, but usually hung on a wall. This flag was used in the background of several beheading videos. In the videos it is not clear enough to tell whether the lettering and circle is white or yellow, but it probably differs depending on who made the particular flag. The flags are not machine-produced, but hand-made, usually from two pieces of black nylon with embroidered lettering and circle.

The second flag shown here is an example of an al-Qaeda flag that is seen in many parts of the Middle East, with variants displaying differing Arabic text. Normally the text on the top reads "There is no god but God." The white circle appearing in the center with inscription Muhammad Rasul Allah is the seal of Messenger of God which he used on his letters. The text on the bottom of this example reads: "The Islamic State of Iraq and Ash-Sham." The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ad-Dawla al-Islamiyya fi al-'Iraq wa-sh-Sham) abbreviated as ISIS and ISIL (Da'ash), was established as an umbrella organization of Iraqi insurgent groups in 2006 by al-Qaida supporters/members.


Image from Anti-Defamation League website
The Aryan Fist

Aryan Fist (USA)

The Aryan Fist symbol is a twist on the fist representing the Black power movement and the battle against racial oppression. White Power (U.S. Nazi Skins) uses a logo consisting of a white fist upwards on a black field.

The Aryan fist is a symbol of white power used by hate groups who promote their racist agenda as white pride activism. The laurel wreath appearing in the "Aryan fist" Flag is actually not a racist symbol itself, but rather a separate common skinhead symbol stemming from the logo of a line of British clothing that became popular among skinheads. It is the white fist itself that is the symbol of intolerance.


 Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic
AN Flag
(oblong variant)


Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic
AN Flag
(13-striped variant)


Image by António Martins
AN Flag
(black and white variant)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
AN Flag
(white flag with "The Shield" logo)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
AN Flag
(white flag with newer alternate logo)

Aryan Nations (USA)

Aryan Nations (AN) is a white nationalist neo-Nazi organization founded in the 1974 by Richard Girnt Butler as the political arm of the Church of Jesus Christ-Christian (CJCC). As of December 2007 there were two main factions that claimed descent from Butler's group.

Aryan Nations was called a "terrorist threat" by the FBI, and the RAND Corporation called it the "first truly nationwide terrorist network." The organization has been at the center of violent racist activity since its inception in 1974. During the 1980s and early 1990s, neo-Nazis, racist skinheads, Klansmen and other white nationalists convened regularly at the Aryan Nations’s Idaho compound for its annual "World Congress." However, during the early 2000s the group lost a very costly civil lawsuit against the Southern Poverty Law Center that depleted the AN´s finances, and a slow decline followed that cumulated with the 2004 death of their founder Richard Butler. Today Aryan Nations has splintered into several smaller groups with various people in competition for the leadership of the movement.

Image by A.H.
   
Image from Tomislav Todorovic
The "Shield" Banner
(unbordered Variant)
   
The "Shield" Banner
(Bordered Variant)

The AN flag has appeared in both a square and rectangular shape, and is sometimes displayed with a gold fringe when used indoors. The square variant is called the Aryan Nations "Shield" and was carried in demonstrations in the form of a vertical banner. The AN also used a stripped version of the AN flag, as well as re-purposing for their demonstrations the more traditional Confederate Naval Ensign, the Christian Church Flag, and various versions of the Confederate Stars and Bars. The Aryan Nations also uses several white fielded flags: the first charged with "The Shield" and the second charged with an alternate emblem (sword over the letter N, both in blue, surrounded with a bicolor ring, top half of which is red and charged with the inscription ARYAN NATIONS, and bottom half is blue and charged with the inscription OUR RACE IS OUR NATION; the tip of the sword is set over the bottom of the ring, dividing it into two).

Image from Pete Loeser
  
Image from Pete Loeser
Werewolf Youth Legion Flag
   
CJCC/AN-WYL Pennant

The Werewolf Youth Legion (CJCC/AN-WYL) is the Aryan Nations Youth division whose purpose is to attract and sell to American youths the doctrines of their versions of National Socialism and White Supremacy.


Image by António Martins
BBAA Flag
(Type 1)

Image by Eugene Ipavec
BBAA Flag
(Type 2)

Image by Eugene Ipavec
BBAA Flag
(Type 3)

This group was very active hanging a wide variety of hate posters in the streets of cities like Madrid and Sevilla in the early 1990s
Autonomous Bases (Spain)
Bases Autónomas (BBAA)

The Spanish red-yellow-red flag defaced with a Celtic Cross (Sun Wheel) and/or a Carlist-like double eagle are flags of Bases Autónomas (BBAA), a loose almost defunct neo-Nazi organization. Although the BBAA disbanded, some sleeper cells are rumored to still exist in several cities, especially Madrid and Burgos. Most of the militant leaders of this neo-Nazi, anarchist, violent and clandestine organization now conduct their militant activities from within other groups, such as Resistance, the DN, NuevOrden, Falangists and the Revolutionary Nationalist Coordinator.

Some BBAA-like Spanish cell organizations still exist, such as Hermandad Nacionalsocialista Armagedón (Armageddon National Socialist Brotherhood), which is active in the Valencia area and split from Acción Radical in 1998. The Armageddon Brotherhood has claimed responsibility for Molotov cocktail attacks against branches of the Popular, Socialist and Izquierda Unida parties in some towns near Valencia.

Image by Eugene Ipavec
  
Image by Eugene Ipavec
Image by Eugene Ipavec
  
Image by Eugene Ipavec
Other variant flags reported as being used by the Bases Autónomas

Other rumors about the Bases Autónomas still circulate, such as ex-members of this defunct Spanish hate organization still allegedly having links to other fascist groups still operating in Italy. These various variants of their flags are still manufactured for ignorant tourists who still buy them as historical Spanish flags in souvenir shops throughout Spain.


Image by Richard Knipel
Black Muslim Flag

Black Muslim Movement Flag (USA)

Today, the Black Moslems are known as the "Nation of Islam" and are directed by Reverend Louis Farrakhan. They are not the militant organization of the past. In the early 60s, the Black Muslims were very active and violent extremist. In fact, Middle East Muslims rejected the American Black Muslim version of Islam, which was pretty much just a hate the white man movement. Malcolm X, perhaps their most well-known leader, eventually abandoned many of these violent ideas and converted to true Sunni Islam. Because of this, he was gunned down in a mosque by two black men wielding shotguns.

Today, they describe their flag as "the symbol of unity of all Muslims throughout the World." It basically is a mirrored version of the Turkish national flag with an enlarged crescent and star. The star is oriented with two points inside the crescent. The symbols of the sun, moon, and the stars, represent the universe. The flag differs slightly from their logo which has the individual letters "F, J, E, and I" placed in the four corners. They are said to stand for Freedom, Justice and Equality, and Islam.


Image by Pete Loeser
BNP Flag 1982

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
BNP Flag 1999

British National Party (Great Britain)

The British National Party is a far-right political party founded by John Tyndall in 1982 by merging several similar fascist parties including the old National Front. The BNP identified with Nazism with its activities, associations and publications, and its active denial of the Holocaust. Tyndall exclaimed "Mein Kampf is my bible." In 1999, Nick Griffin became the new leader of the BNP party and continued its policies of right-wing populism, white nationalism, and calling for "ethnic cleansing." Although the BNP has described itself as British nationalist, racial nationalist and "ethno-nationalist." They still call for a "voluntary resettlement" of all immigrants and their descendants back to the countries of their origins, support all anti-immigration policies, demand a return of capital punishment, oppose all forms of gay and same-sex marriage, and what they call the "Islamification" of the UK.

In recent years the party has also concentrated on opposing Islam and actively campaigns against the establishment of mosques, halal meat and what it calls the "Islamification" of the United Kingdom.

The original BNP party flag had a white circle centered on a blue field, with the block letters "BNP" in red centered in the circle. After Nick Griffin took over the leadership of the party the flag was design was changed to a plain white field, less bold lettering in red with a blue circle drawn around it.


Image by Rick Wyatt
Afro-American Flag


Image by Pete Loeser
The "Free Huey" Flag


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Afro-American Variant

Black Panther Party (USA)

The Black Panther Party, originally known as the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, was an African-American revolutionary leftist organization founded in Oakland, California, by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in 1966. The Black Panther Party achieved national and international notoriety through its involvement in the Black Power movement and in U.S. politics of the 1960s and 70s. The organization initially claimed to be protecting the African American neighborhoods from police brutality, but the leaders soon claimed to be followed socialist and Maoist communist doctrines. It was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982.

Image by Pete Loeser
George Jackson Funeral Flag 1971

Although the Black Panthers were not noted for showing flags at their many rallies and demonstrations, the flag that is most associated with them was the Afro-American Flag. Another flag featured a springing black panther (the Party Logo) under the words "Free Huey" used at demonstrations against his imprisonment. There were variants of this flag with differing fonts and panther designs, including one with simply the words and no logo at all. A plain white flag with just the springing Black Panther logo centered on it was used at George Jackson's Funeral in Oakland (shot to death by prison guards in San Quentin Prison during an escape attempt) in 1971. Sometimes the Black Panthers put their emblem on flags of yellow or light blue. The yellow was the same as used on the Gadsen Flag, which in the Sixties and Seventies was used by radicals at the opposite end of the spectrum from the Tea Party. The light blue was the same as used on the VC flag.

The last variant shown at the left is an Afro-American Flag with the addition of a red star on the black strip that was reportability first seen in Oakland, California, in 1989 at the funeral of Huey Newton. Also see Black Liberation Flag 1920 on Modern American Protest and Message Flags page.


Image by Matthew Wittmer
The Branch Flag

The Branch Davidians (USA)

This is the flag flown at the Mt. Carmel Branch Davidian Compound during the infamous Waco Siege in 1993. The Branch Davidians, or simply "The Branch," were an extremist religious group that split from the Seventh-Day Adventist Church in 1930s. The Davidians believed themselves to be living in the time of the Biblical Final Judgment and Christ's Second Coming. The group and its members were "excommunicated" by the Adventist Church after the split.

The Mt. Carmel Branch flag featured a stylized six-winged fiery serpent flying over the white earth below with the "Seven Seals" of Biblical prophecy lined up on the horizon in position to trigger the Apocalypse. They gained national notoriety for their violent 51 day stand during the "Waco Siege of 1993." During the seige, the FBI, ATF agents, and the Texas National Guard lay siege on the Mount Carmel Center near Waco, Texas, resulting in the deaths of their leader, David Koresh, and 82 of his followers, plus four Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) agents.



Image by Pete Loeser
BI Flag (yellow)



Image by Pete Loeser
BI Flag (black)



Image from BI website
Current BI Logo

The Identity Block (France)
Bloc Identitaire

The Bloc Identitaire is an extreme right French nationalist political group. It was founded in 2003 by former members of Unité Radicale and several other nationalist groups. The Bloc Identitaire claims to represent all "young French and Europeans who are proud of their roots and of their heritage." It opposes what it calls "miscegenation" and "imperialism" (both American and Moslem), and has organized campaigns and demonstrations, sometimes violent, against Moslems, Jews, Communists, and other non-white ethnic and political groups. The Bloc identitaire runs the Nationalist Press Agency and website called Novopress, and identifies itself with other neo-Nazi and extremist groups in other parts of Western Europe and North America.

One of their more imaginative, and less violent, activities was the use of soups with pork as "identity soups" (soupes identitaires) to attack and belittle certain ethnic groups. The group has been banded as "discriminatory and xenophobic" by HALDE (High Authority for the Struggle Against Discrimination and for Equality - Haute autorité de lutte contre les discriminations et pour l'égalité) a French "independent administrative authority" which "has the right to judge all discrimination, direct or indirect, that is prohibited by law or an international agreement to which France is a signatory."

 Image by Pierre Gay
   
Image by Jorge Candeias
Traditional Flag of Languedoc Province
   
Traditional Flag of Roussillon Province

The flag most commonly attributed to the Bloc Identitaire has either a yellow or black field, with the symbol of the lambda Spartan centered on it in contrasting black or yellow. A number of these flags were used by the BI at the "Pigs' March," organized on May 14, 2011, in Lyon. The BI, like many extremist groups, is perfectly willing to "hijack" traditional flags and symbols for their use. The traditional flags of Languedoc and Roussillon Provinces would be perfect examples of this "borrowing to legitimize" by the Bloc Identitaire, who have displayed these flags during their demonstrations and parades. The newest BI Party symbol/logo is the black boar, but has yet failed to materialize on any flag.


Image by Antonio Martins
BR Flag

Red Brigades (Italy)
Brigate Rosse

The Red Brigades was an Italian Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that was behind numerous violent incidents, assassinations, acts of sabotage, bank robberies, and kidnappings. The Red Brigades attained notoriety in the 1970s and early 1980s with these violent attempts to destabilize Italy. First formed in 1967, this violent left wing extremist organization sought to create a "revolutionary" state through armed struggle, and to force Italy to leave the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. In the late 1980s, the group was broken up by mass arrests and then slowly faded into insignificance as the leadership turned on each other.


Image by António Martins
BWB Flag (under von Maltitz)

Image by António Martins
BWB Flag (under Ford)

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
BWB Flag (current variant)

Boer Resistance Movement (South Africa)
Boere Weerstandsbeweging (BWB)

This was the flag of Boere Weerstandsbeweging (BWB) which was black with white cross fimbrated red; in the center of the cross is a white circle fimbrated red with three black "7"s. The BWB was initially led by Eddie von Maltitz and subsequently by Andrew Ford. This flag and its symbol are now also being used by European Nazis as they have volunteered to fight in a race war in South Africa.

When Andrew Ford took over the leadership the flag was replaced by a similar one instead of having the three 7s, bears the letters BWB in white arranged in a triangular fashion (pointing downwards) on a similarly directed black triangle.

The group appeared either to have gone underground or had ceased to exist, because their public activities were curtailed after 1999, but a new website has appeared in 2012. Until the appearence of this new website, their last public activity as the Boer Resistance Movement was when they offered to send a force of 35 volunteer soldiers to Yugoslavia in 1999 to help defend Serbia against "NATO aggression." It is unknown if anything ever came of this offer.

Their current BWB flag, which is featured on their website, has a cross composed of five black letters, four B's and one W, arranged on the white disc so as to give the abbreviation BWB both horizontally and vertically. The white cross is described as the symbol of faith and purity, its red borders as the symbol of both the blood Christ shed on the cross and the blood Boer people shed in struggle for freedom, and the black field as the symbol of courage and determination of Boer people.

How viable this new rebirth of the BWB is cannot yet be determined, but the website seems to be a serious recruitment effort. On their website they state they hope to bring the Boer nation together, and point to the current South African government as "a sadistic and racist regime" that must be stopped, stating their main goal is to free the three Boer republics (Transvaal, North Natal, Free State) from the "Afrikaner betrayal."


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
BTE Flag

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Closeup of Initials

League of True Confederates (Switzerland)
Bund treuer Eidgenossen (BTE)

The full name of this Swiss extremist party was Bund treuer Eidgenossen nationalsozialistischer Weltanschauung, which translates loosely into the "League of True Confederates of the National Socialist Ideology." The party was founded in March of 1938 by former members of the Swiss National Front, who thought that their old party was no longer truly following the Nazi ideology. It was led by Alfred Zander, who in September of 1938 attended the Nuremberg Rally (the annual convention of the Nazi party) and spoke in favor of the idea that Switzerland should join the Reich. In May of 1938, Bruno Oswald in Berne founded a local chapter with about 25 members, while the "national" membership of BTE would eventually reach about 175 members. In July of 1939 Zander was arrested on his return from Germany and sentenced to jail, together with other BTE leaders and party members. In October of 1940 the party was disbanded and most of its remaining members joined the National Movement of Switzerland (Nationale Bewegung der Schweiz), another similar group which intended to become a unified Swiss Nazi party. The Swiss Government banned the group the following month.

Their flag was derived from that of the National Front, adding the initials BTE to the center of the cross, thus employing the full color set of colors used on the German NSDAP flag.


Image by Jan Oskar Engene
BUF Flag 1932


Image by Jan Oskar Engene
BUFNS Flag 1935

British Union of Fascists 1932-1940 (United Kingdom)

The British Union of Fascists (BUF) was founded in 1932 by Sir Oswald Mosley, a former Labor government minister and former MP of the Conservative Party. BUF's emblem was the one used by Italian fascists and by other fascist movements, the fasces. In the British flag the fasces was white placed over a gray disk on a red field.

In 1935, the party changed its name to the British Union of Fascists and National Socialists (BUFNS). Along with this name change appeared a new flag with the lightning flash emblem and the flag colors of the United Kingdom. The flash was white, set on a blue disk edged in white, appeared in the center of a red field. When the emblem was changed from the fasces to the circle and lightning flash, the symbolism was stated to be "the flash of action, within the circle of unity." Opponents of the party quickly named it "the flash in the pan." This flag was used until the party was dissolved in 1940.

Mosley modelled himself after Benito Mussolini and the BUF on Mussolini's National Fascist Party in Italy. Mosley instituted black uniforms for members, earning them the nickname "Blackshirts." The BUF was anti-communist and proposed replacing parliamentary democracy with elected executives having jurisdiction over specific industries, and by 1934 it had adopted antisemitism as official policy. In 1940, the BUF was banned outright by the government, and Mosley, along with 740 other fascists, were interned for much of World War II


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPD Flag (2006-2009)
Type #1


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPD Flag (2006-2009)
Type #2


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPD Flag (2006-2009)
Type #3 (unverified)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPD Flag (2006-2009)
Type #4

Christian Falangist Party of Germany (2006-2009)
Christlich Falangistische Partei Deutschlands (CFPD)

The Christian Falangist Party of Germany was founded in 2006, with the aid of the Christian Falangist Party of America, which saw it as the first step in transplanting of its ideas to other countries. However, it turned to be the last step as well, because the party has not been very successful and was disbanded in 2009, not long before its model. The party seat was in the city of Ingolstadt.

The Christian Falangist Party of Germany flags and emblems were derived from those of the Christian Falangist Party of America, whose leader Pat Bridges claimed to have designed them after having posted to a Flickr gallery several images showing different combinations of a modified German heraldic eagle with a CFPA crutch-cross. On the CFPD party website, which is no longer online, a German tricolor, charged with the large black crutch-cross fimbriated in white and black (Type #1) was used. A variant flag (type #2) was also shown with the party name inscribed in red, above and beneath the cross. A third tricolor (Type #3), had large initials CFPD, inscribed in white on red field.

The Type #4 CFPD Flag uses a stylized tree centered on a white background and is obviously derived from the flag of the original Lebanese Falange. It is the only party flag not employing the national colors, gold being replaced with white.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
     
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPD Flag (2006-2009)
Type #5
     
CFPD Flag (2006-2009)
Type #6

The Type #5 and Type #6 CFPD flags use a fimbriated crutch-cross symbol centered on a plain fields using variations of the German national colors.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPD Flag (2006-2009)
Type #7

The last CFPD flag (Type #7), has a crutch-cross symbol centered within a ring and is based on the 2003-2009 Christian Falangist Party of America flag, It simply replaces the United States national colors with those of Germany.


Image provided by Rick Prohaska
CFP Flag

Canadian Fascist Party (Canada)

The Canadian Fascist Party (CFP) was a fascist political party based in the Canadian city of Winnipeg. Although the party was a splinter group from the Canadian Nationalist Party and claimed to base its platform on the principles of corporativism, rather than the largely racial motivations of the Nationalist Party, many of the party membership were racially motivated. The party was founded as the British Empire Union of Fascists and was affiliated with the British Union of Fascists. It later became known as the Canadian Union of Fascists and Canadian Union, for short. It published its own newspaper called "The Thunderbolt."


Image by António Martins
CEDADE Flag

Spanish Circle of Friends of Europe (Spain)
Círculo Español de Amigos de Europa (CEDADE)

The flag of the Círculo Español de Amigos de Europa (CEDADE) was probably the first "modern flag" of an European neo-nazi organization.

The official flag of CEDADE was all red with a golden eagle, holding a yoke in its claws and with a golden torch behind it. CEDADE was founded in 1966 and formally disbanded in 1993.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPA Flag (2000-2003)
(Blue Battle Cross within a red ring)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPA Flag (2003-2009)
(Based on the Austro-Fascist flag)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPA Flag (2003-2009)
(Based on Lebanese Falange flag)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPA Flag (2007-2009)
(Crutch Cross Flag variant)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPA Directors Flag
(2007-2009)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
"Christian Forces" Flag
(Red Battle Cross)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
"The flag we can never use"


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Naval Jack (2000-2003)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Naval Ensign (2003-2009)

Christian Falangist Party of America (USA)

The Christian Falangist Party of America (CFPA) was founded in Philadelphia in 2000 to replace the National Syndical American Falangist Party (NSAFP). They claimed to be dedicated "to fighting the "Forces of Darkness" which seek to destroy all of Western Judeo-Christian Civilization.

This new Falangist organization claimed that they no longer would condone acts of violence or hatred towards those of differing or opposing viewpoints and lifestyles, and they would no longer tolerate racism or anti-Semitism among their membership in any form. They severed their former ties to the Spanish Falange and all other "neo-Nazi/anti-Democratic/third position groups" who used the name Falange or Falangist. Instead of claiming succession from the NSAFP, they claimed to have derived their name from the Lebanese Falange, one of the oldest and strongest Christian parties from Lebanon, which, in fact, were originally modelled after the Spanish Falange, but gradually got rid of the Fascist "appearance" through the years, although its members still use a form of Roman salute. This new Christian Falangist Party claimed they believed only in the teachings of Jesus Christ and the Holy Bible. They supported the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and nationalistic loyalty to the United States of America. Unfortunately, in practice, it soon turned out to be business as usual.

The original party flag was charged with a blue "Battle Cross" within a red ring, all on white field. The cross was derived from a similar one which was used by the Lebanese Forces, a former militia and current political party of Lebanese Christians, which was also partly modelled after the Lebanese Falange (borrowed their form of Roman salute, etc.). In 2003, The "Battle Cross" was replaced with a crutch-cross. This emblem was derived from that of the Fatherland Front (Austria 1934-1938), whose ideology was known as the Austro-Fascism, but although it was authoritarian and corporativist, it was generally less oppressive than most similar contemporary European regimes. It certainly was anti-Nazi and opposed the Anschluss; their first leader, Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss, was killed by the Austrian Nazis during an unsuccessful coup in 1934 and his successor, Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg, was sent to a concentration camp after the Anschluss. After the war, Schuschnigg moved to the USA and became a US citizen and the professor of Political Science at Saint Louis University. The Christian Integralist and anti-Nazi ideology of the Fatherland Front was chosen by the CFPA to be their new source of inspiration.

It should be pointed out here that the Crutch Cross a simplified version of the "Jerusalem Cross," or the "Crusader's Cross." They are a heraldic cross and a Christian symbol consisting of a large Greek cross surrounded by four smaller Greek crosses, one in each quadrant. They, like many other historical symbols, have been commandeered by extremist groups in an attempt to legitimize their existance. The Jerusalem Cross is also used on the flag of Georgia.

Along with the Fatherland Front, the Lebanese Falange remained the model for the CFPA and an alternative party flag was introduced after 2003, using a stylized tree like the cedar of the Lebanese Falangists, but striped in red and blue on white field so as to display the US national colors. The "Battle Cross" has reappeared, in a slightly modified form and painted in red, on white flag of the "Christian Forces", a would-be militia or social organization which seems to never have been really operative (which makes it difficult to decide about their real nature), although an address was reserved for their planned website which never appeared, only their flag having been regularly presented along with the party flags. A rarely used variant of the official party flag was introduced in 2007, with much darker shades of blue and red and charged with the party name inscribed in white over the ring.

   
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
   
CFPA Security Service Flag #1
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
   
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CFPA Security Service Flag #2
   
CFPA Security Service Flag #3

During the CFPA's active existance, their private militia security force called FALSEC (Falangist Security) has used three different flags. These were produced as a part of a whole range of flags, including a naval flag, called "jack" before the 2003 flag change and "ensign" afterwards, and a standard for the Directors (national and state heads of the party) since 2007. Probably the strangest flag was "The flag we can never use", which was declared as banned on the party website because its design resembled some far-right flags too closely and might have misled visitors to attribute the site to a neo-Nazi group.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
   
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Christian Zionists of America Flag
(Blue Crutch Cross)
   
Christian Zionist Roman Catholics
(Blue Jerusalem Cross)

In accordance with their anti-Muslim and pro-Israeli attitude, CFPA started a partner organization, the Christian Zionists of America (CZA), which adopted a flag derived from that of Israel. A second partner was planned, the Christian Zionist Roman Catholics (CZRC), which would use a flag similar to that of the Christian Zionists of America, but with a Jerusalem Cross instead of the crutch-cross. The CZRC was never started, because the CFPA was officially disbanded in 2009. It has since re-invented its self as the Christian Phalange Organization.

Between 2006-2009, an associated Christian Phalange group called the Christian Falangist Party of Germany was organized in Germany, without much success.


Image by Pete Loeser
CPI Flag

CasaPound Italy (Italy)

The neo-Fascist CasaPound Italy Movement began in 2003 with the occupation of a state-owned building in the Esquilino neighborhood of Rome. Their name referred to the American poet Ezra Pound who praised Mussolini's regime in the 1930s. Before 2006, CasaPound was associated with neo-Fascist Tricolour Flame Party, but has since become an independent movement. In 2011 it was estimated the CPI had as many as 5000 members.

Their flag is definitely Nazi-inspired, showing a black-white symbol on a red field. The symbol is a stylized tortoise, representing the ancient Roman battle tactic called the testudo (Turtle), a formation where the soldiers would form a protective shield wall overhead and around themselves as protection from arrows and thrown spears.



Image by Tomislav Todorovic
CPO Flag 2009
Based on the Lebanese Falange Flag

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
NCP Flag 2012


Christian Phalange Organization Flag (USA)

Formerly known as the Christian Falangist Party of America, the new Christian Phalange stated they were no longer a political party, but "a politically active social organization" in 2010. They claimed they changed their name because too many people associated the word "Falangist" with the neo-Fascist Spanish Falange and the neo-Nazis.

They now invited any Christian of any race or nationality to join the Christian Phalange and that their new goal is to stop the spread of Islam. Despite the name and goal change, they still remain, however, an extremist and very radical Christian Conservative organization. Although they say they are pro-Israeli and not at all racist or Nazi, their membership still really seems to have it in for gays and Muslims.

As the Christian Phalange cut back on their ultra-nationalistic symbolism, they also have abandoned their previous flags with the neo-Nazi-like appearance in favor of the one using a tree like the cedar of the Lebanese Falangists, but striped in red and blue, with a white star added on upper blue field.

However, the newest variant of the Christian Phalange flag to appear has a more natural looking tree (oak?) in blue, with a white star on its trunk, and the initials "NCP" (National Christian Phalange) placed in a centered red circle on white background. It appears to be the work of Pat Bridges, the leader of the CFPA/CP.


Image by Pete Loeser
CNSC Flag

Image by Pete Loeser
CNSC Flag (variant)

The Castilian Council of Madrid (Spain)
La comunidad Nacionalsocialista Castellana

The La comunidad Nacionalsocialista Castellana (CNSC), also known simply as the "Council of Madrid," is a Spanish neo-Nazi group centered around the Madrid area which maintains an active Spanish website/blog filled with the usual articles warning about the "Zionist Red Army," "archaeological evidence" to support their beliefs, a future National Socialist Iberian state, various racial theories and distinctions, the Castilian solar wheel (the Broquel, or Castilian swastika), the British control of Gibraltar, the destruction of the Spanish States, Portugal, and a possible European Empire.

They discuss a manifesto for forming an autonomous "Castilla-La Mancha," to include the provinces of Ciudad Real, Albacete, Cuenca, Guadalajara and Toledo. They tie themselves into National Socialism through their Germanic customs (Visigoths) and what they call the "Spanish epic."

Their site abounds with slogans such as "Alive Iberia Unite!", "Alive The Socialist Struggle and Patriot!", and "Live Free Europe!" Their flag, using traditional National Socialist design and colors, features a traditional Castellan Castle instead of swastika.


image by Eugene Ipavec and Santiago Tazón
CEI Flag

Circle of Indo-European Studies (Spain)
Círculo de Estudios Indoeuropeos (CEI)

The Círculo de Estudios Indoeuropeos (CEI) is a national-socialist organization founded in 1997. The organization claims to be a cultural movement and is considered by most to be a continuation of the "Spanish Circle of Friends of Europe. (CEDADE)"

They use a "neo-Nazi style" flag: red field, central white circle with black symbol. The central emblem is composed of the joined letters "H" and a "A," standing for "Hereditas Ambitusque," which is Latin for "Inheritance and Scope."


Image by António Martins
Celtic Cross Flag
(Variant)

Celtic Cross (Sun-Wheel) Flag

Although not explicitly a racist symbol, the Celtic cross, or more properly the "Sun-Wheel," is often used by people in the white power movement, especially skinheads. The cross pictured here is one most often used by racist groups.

Many New Right groups began using this type of flag, with the main symbol being the Celtic Cross, because it isn't outlawed in most countries and they can claim it as a heritage symbol. The term "New Right" is used as a descriptive term for various policies and/or groups that are to the extreme "far-right." It has also been used to describe the emergence of extremist Eastern European parties after the collapse of communism.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Chetnik Flag
(Type #1 - 1991-present)

 Image by Ivan Sarajcic
Chetnik Flag
(Type #2 - 1991-1999)

Image from Pete Loeser
Modern Variant Flag
(Type #3 - actual use questionable)

Flag of the Chetniks (Serbia)

Here is a flag with a long history that proves the rule, "one man's extremist is another man's patriot." In Serbia this flag served as a resistance flag against the World War II German occupation, but now has been opted by extremist groups and others to serve very different purposes. The Chetniks (Troopers) were originally guerrilla groups which, since 1903, operated in areas still under the Ottoman rule, fighting not only against the Ottoman Empire, but also against similar Bulgarian groups. They also participated in the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) alongside the regular army, and again in World War I, in parts of Serbia which were occupied and annexed by Bulgaria (1915-1918). Along with Serbian national flags, they used black flags with skull and crossbones and inscriptions like Sloboda ili smrt (Freedom or Death). (Similar flags were also used in the Macedonian uprising against the Ottoman Empire in 1903.)

In World War II and afterwards, the Chetnik flag came to be used by anti-Communist resistance fighters. Thanks largely to Communist propaganda against the Chetniks in Serbia they were labeled extremist. The name Chetniks also became a name used by various legitimate para-military groups in the bloody Yugoslav Wars in the 1990s, but unfortunately, also became a name used by groups of local thugs and criminals hiding under the name in order to get some impunity for their actions. Naturally this Communist over-propagandizing of the name also resulted in making the flag popular among various other groups, some of whom were extremists, some not, some merely patriotic, and some who were just plain thugs. In Serbia today it is sometimes hard to determine which was which.

The original World War II Chetnik flags usually had the inscription S verom u Boga (With Faith in God) and Za kralja i otadžbinu (For King and Fatherland), sometimes with places switched, because "For King and Fatherland" and "With Faith in God" had been inscribed on Serbian military colors until 1918. Two of the flags (Type #1 and #2) shown here were used during the Yugoslav Wars. The inscriptions at the top are S verom u Boga (With Faith in God) and Za Kralja i Otadžbinu (For King and Fatherland), respectively, and Sloboda ili smrt (Freedom or Death) at the bottom. Variants of these flags, with differing text, are still also used freely by Serbian anti-Communist emigrants in Western countries as the symbol of a non-Communist resistance movement. The Type #3 variant is being sold, but its use is questionable, and has not been seen or documented in Serbia.


Image by Pete Loeser
Colonial Christian Republic

Image by Pete Loeser
Hutaree Militia Flag

Colonial Christian Republic (USA)

The Colonial Christian Republic, with its Hutaree Militia, is a militant Christian fundamentalist group based in Adrian, Michigan. The group was formed in early 2008. They claim "Hutaree" means "Christian Warriors."

The group is preparing for what they believed will be an apocalyptic battle with the forces of the Antichrist (the UN), who they believed is supported and defended by local, state and federal police departments. On their website, all police and military members who would support the current U.S. system of local, state or federal government are described as members of an evil brotherhood and are considered by the Hutaree to be their enemies.

The Hutaree insignia includes a sword, crossed spears, and the letters "CCR" which stands for "Colonial Christian Republic." Hutaree members use a strange system of paramilitary ranks with titles from highest to lowest: Radok, Boramander, Zulif, Arkon, Rifleman (three grades), Lukore, and Gunner (three grades).

In March of 2010, nine Hutaree members were arrested in police raids in Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana, for their alleged involvement in a plot to kill various police officers and possibly civilians using illegal explosives and firearms.


Image by Rick Wyatt
CSA Naval Jack (historic )

Confederate States of America (USA)

Although the Confederate flag is seen by many Southerners simply as a symbol of Southern pride, it is often used by racists to represent white domination of African-Americans. The flag remains a subject of controversy because some Southern states still fly the flag from public buildings or incorporate it into their state flag’s design.

The flag is also used by racists as an alternative to the American flag, which they consider to be an emblem of what they describe as the Jewish-controlled government.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
DNSB Flag

National Socialist Movement of Denmark 1991 (Denmark)
Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Bevaegelse

The National Socialist Movement of Denmark was founded in 1991 as the latest in the list of successor parties to the original National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark (Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Arbejderparti - DNSAP), which was disbanded in 1945 after World War II ended.

Image by António Martins     Image by António Martins
World War II era DNSAP Flags 1940-1945

The original DNSAP Flags were square (ratio 1:1) with reversed swastikas centered on them. The present DNSB flag features a red field with a white swastika within a ring of white.


Image by Viktor Lomantsov
DPNI Flag
(in Romanov Imperial colors)

Image by Viktor Lomantsov
DPNI Flag
(in Russsian National colors)

Movement Against Illegal Immigration (Russia)

The Movement Against Illegal Immigration (DPNI) is a Russian nationalist hate group and anti-Illegal immigration organization. The DPNI was founded in 2002 by Vladimir Basmanov, in 2008 leadership passed to Aleksandr Belov (Potkin), the former press spokesman for ultra-nationalist Pamyat's leader, Dmitry Vasilyev. In 2010 the leadership changed once again, and Vladimir Ermolaev now leads the group.

The Movement Against Illegal Immigration was created in 2002, in reaction to ethnic violence between residents of a Moscow's suburb and immigrants from the South Caucasus and Central Asia. The Movement Against Illegal Immigration organized a number of anti-immigrant rallies throughout Russia. It also took part in carrying out the annual Russian March, a Russian ethnic pride display and protest event. Aside from mass protests the movement was active in organizing public pressure to support ethnic Russians in number of high profile court cases involving crimes committed by the immigrants.

Human Rights Activists had filed complaints with the Russian authorities because they believed the DPNI was "pursuing a fascist agenda," exemplified by slogans such as "Russia is for Russians!" Because the Movement continued to repeatedly take part in events aimed at igniting inter-ethnic hatred, it was finally banned by the Moscow City Court in 2011. At the present time, a suspension of the activities of the organization remains in force. The Movement Against Illegal Immigration was one of the more active political organizations in Russia with about 5000 members in 30 different regions.


Image by Antonio Martins and Tomislav Todorovic
Eco-Anarchists Flag (Type #1)

Image by Antonio Martins and Tomislav Todorovic
Eco-Anarchists Flag (Type #2)

Image by Victor Lomantsov
Eco-Anarchists Flag (Type #5)

Eco-Anarchists or Green Anarchists (Worldwide)

Green Anarchism, or Eco-Anarchism, is strange mixture of anarchism and environmental issues. Its multiple sources can be found in the teachings of such notables as Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Leo Tolstoy and Élisée Reclus. This fusion of anarchism and naturist philosophies is now worldwide.

Image by Antonio Martins and Tomislav Todorovic
   
Image by Antonio Martins and Tomislav Todorovic
Eco-Anarchist Flag (Type #3)
   
Eco-Anarchist Flag (Type#4)

Unfortunately some Green Anarchists groups have engaged in direct action and acts of eco-terrorism. Groups like Earth First!, Root Force, the Animal Rights Militia, the Earth Liberation Front (ELF), the Earth Liberation Army (ELA), the Olga Cell, and the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) have taken direct action against "systems of oppression." There have been violent attacks on the logging industry, the meat and dairy industries, animal testing laboratories, genetic engineering facilities, and government institutions.

After attempted assassinations of nuclear scientists, and letter bombs sent to nano-tech and nuclear-tech facilities, many Eco-Anarchist groups, or their sub-groups, have been named as terrorist organizations. Groups like the Animal Rights Militia, the "Justice Department" and "Revolutionary Cells" have even claim responsibility for these openly violent attacks. It should be pointed out that not all Eco-Anarchist groups engage in these violent protest activities, but unfortunately, some do.


Image from Wikipedia
EM Flag

English Mistery (United Kingdom)

The English Mistery (or English Mystery) was a political and esoteric group active in the United Kingdom of the 1930s. A "Conservative fringe group" in favour of bringing back the feudal system, it was described as a patriotic organization who proposed a ´Masculine Renaissance,´ espousing an ultra-reactionary, aristocratic Toryism with an addition reference to Nietzsche, elitism and eugenics." Its views have been characterized as "aristocratic, ultra-conservative, Tory integral nationalistic, anti-liberal democratic, reactionary ultra-royalist, and anti-democratic." (Enjoy that trip to the dictionary) Basically, it was against everything to do with welfare, the London School of Economics, and the United States.

It was founded by William Sanderson, and took its title from his 1930 book That Which Was Lost: A Treatise on Freemasonry and the English Mistery. Sanderson was a Freemason, but disaffected, and founded the group in 1930 to promote his views of "leadership."


Image by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán
EPR Flag (type #1)

Image by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán
EPR Flag (type #2)

Revolutionary People's Army (Mexico)
Ejército Popular Revolucionario EPR

The Popular Revolutionary Army is a violent leftist movement in Mexico led by a masked leader who identifies himself as "Captain Emiliano." It was first formed in 1996 and after engaging police in a fire fight near the Guerrero capital of Chilpancingo, "declared" war on the Mexican government in a document called the Aguas Blancas Manifesto. The EPR guerrilla currently operates in the States of Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Tlaxcala and Veracruz.

Image by António Martins
EPR Flag (type #3)

The main flag used by the EPR has a green field with a red star, superimposed over the star are crossed rifle, machete and hammer. Just off the three uppermost points of the star are the initials "EPR." Two other flags also reported in use are shown here.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FB Flag (2000)
Puerto Rican Phalanx (Puerto Rico)
Falange Boricua

The name of this movement is loosely translated as "Puerto Rican Phalanx". It was founded in March 2000 as a Puerto Rican counterpart of the Spanish Phalanx and allegedly banned in May same year, after having attempted to blockade US military bases in Puerto Rico. It was soon refounded as the National Syndicalist Movement of Puerto Rico, but possibly ended its activities some time afterwards. The movement flag, as presented at their website (still existing), was charged with red yoke and arrows on black field. This flag might have inspired the Venezuelan Phalanx to adopt the same design in early 2002, claiming that it is the common flag of Latin American Phalangists.

Along with its own flag, the movement also used the Cross of Burgundy flag as the symbol of Hispanity (Hispanidad), as well as the Grito de Lares flag and the flag of the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico, which were both considered important national symbols.


Image by Peter Hagh
FDG Flag
(Sun Wheel variant)

Italian Nazi Party (Italy)
Fronte Della Gioventú

The Black Sun Wheel, or Celtic Cross, on a white disc became the international symbol of young nationalist in several European countries. It is usually placed on a red field as is done with the Fronte Della Gioventú (FDG), or the Italian Nazi Party Flag shown here.

Because this Celtic Cross was adopted by a prohibited neo-Nazi party in postwar Germany, its public display in Germany was banned along with the swastika under the federal criminal code, as part of legislation designed to forestall any revival of Nazism.

It is still freely used in Italy.


Image by Santiago Dotor
FE Party 1933
(original version)

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FE Party
(popular variant)

Image provided by Rick Prohaska
FE Party
(modern variant)

Spanish Phalanx 1933-1977 (Spain)
La Falange or Falange Española

The term Falange is used by several political movements and parties dating from the 1930s, including the original Fascist movement in Spain. The word "Falange" actually means "phalanx," (a Macedonian or Spartan Greek military formation) in Spanish, and there are many small parties still calling themselves the Falange Party today. The warlike symbol of the phalanx was chosen due to the militaristic nature of these National Socialist type parties. It should be noted here that the yoke and the arrows both were taken from the Catholic King's emblems (the yoke for Ferdinand of Aragon and the arrows for Elizabeth of Castile) and the same symbols were readopted by Franco's regime.

The original Spanish Falange movement was founded in 1933 by José Antonio Primo de Rivera, who was the son of the former Spanish dictator, General Primo de Rivera. Their platform (political agenda) combined the national traditions of Spain with these of Fascist ideology.

The Falange symbol was also used in World War II on a flag used by the soldiers of the Divisio'n Azul (Blue Division), a Spanish volunteer unit in the German Army which fought on the Eastern Front. It was formed in 1941, and was disbanded 1943. Theirs was certainly not the only case of using of a flag with this design: there have been many flags with the Falange symbol on them.

Today, decades after the fall of the Franco Fascist dictatorship, Spain still has several minor Falangist organizations, represented by a number of tiny political parties. Chief among these are the Falange Española (de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacionalsindicalista), Falange Española de las JONS, Falange Auténtica, Falange Española Independiente, and FE - La Falange.

Following post-Francoist Spanish Falanges is a bit confusing, with their splittings and mergings and use of similar names which have even led to several lawsuits. These fascist inspired parties are rarely seen publicly except on the ballots, in State funded TV election advertisements, and during demonstrations on historic dates, such as November 20 celebration the death of both Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera and General Francisco Franco. For example, in the 2004 national elections, these parties combined received less than 28,000 votes between all of them.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FNGE Flag

Ecuadorian Garcian National Phalanx (Ecuador)
Falange Nacional Garciana Ecuatoriana

The Ecuadorian Garcian National Phalanx was a Falangist group in Ecuador apparently modeled after its Spanish and Latin American counterparts. Very little is known about this small and apparently short-lived movement, although we can speculate that the name Gaciana was derived from the Spanish last name of García, and suggests that the group was formed to honor a certain military man whose last-name was "García". Of course, "Phalanx" (Falangist and Falange in Spanish) is today defined as a "Spanish military, unionist, laborist, or anarchist" group. This particular Falangist group attempted to trace its origins back to the Falangism and Synarchism of the Alianza Revolucionaria Nacionalista Ecuatoriana which was started by Jorge Luna in 1948, but there seems to be little actual similarity or real connection between the two groups.

The FNGE flag was a typical Falangist design incorporating a blue-red-blue vertical triband design with Falange black yoke and arrows on the red field.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FI Flag

Ibero-American Front (Mexico)
Frente Iberoamericano

The Ibero-American Front is a neo-Nazi group based in Mexico whose stated intention is to extend its activities to all Latin American countries. Although they claim to condemn all the genocides committed so far, their insistence on the "14 words of David Lane", as well as the Nazi-style graphics all over their website, clearly reveal their nature. Their stated goal is to "protect" the Creoles (Latin Americans of European origin) by formation of separate states for them wherever possible; these states would eventually gather in a Union of Sovereign and Independent Creole States.

The flag of Ibero-American Front is derived from the Cross of Burgundy flag, which is increasingly being used by Latin American ultra-rightists, with the addition a black and white cross. The cross is designed to resemble the German Balkenkreuz which, along with the complete set of colors, is another reference to the Nazism.


Image by Ben Cahoon
FLQ Flag

Quebec Liberation Front (Canada)
Front de Libération du Québec

The paramilitary group Quebec Liberation Front was founded in 1963 by Georges Schoeters, a Belgian revolutionary. The goal of the FLQ was to "free" Quebec from Canada and form an independent nation. They were soon labeled a terrorist organization for their violent methods and were responsible for many violent incidents which killed eight people and injured many more, including a bombing of the Montreal Stock Exchange in 1969. In 1970, during the "October Crisis," they kidnaped James Cross, the British commercial envoy in Quebec, and assassinated Pierre LaPorte, the Labor Minister of Quebec province. By 1971, the Montreal Police Antiterrorist Unit was able to arrest most of the FLQ leaders and dozens of members, after which the remaining FLQ broke up into several unorganized splinter groups.

The Quebec Liberation Front used a blue and white horizontal striped bicolour with a red star (bordered in gold) centered on the white fly that was seen at demonstrations between 1968-71 in Montreal and the U.S.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FN Flag (Type #1)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FN Flag (Type #2)

New Force (Spain)
Fuerza Nueva

The New Force is the name of a far-right political association in Spain which was founded by Blas Piñar in 1966 with the aim of opposing any reforms of the Fascist regime of Spain, an authoritarian state dictatorship between 1939 to 1975, that existed under General Francisco Franco. From 1976 to 1982, New Force operated as a political party, hoping to stop the transition to democracy, but the lack of political success made it eventually disband itself, although it has reappeared under different names, always under the leadership of Blas Piñar, who is the honorary president of Spanish Alternative (Alternativa Española) since 2003. The present association New Force is mainly dedicated to commemorating the anniversaries of beginning of Spanish Civil War (July 18th) and death of Francisco Franco (November 20th). Their calls to demonstrate on these dates have generally been supported by neo-Nazi, skinheads and other militants of the extreme right.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
   
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FN Flag (Type #3)
   
FN Flag (Type #4)

The New Force flag is parted diagonally red over blue, which recalls the red berets and blue shirts worn by the members of Spanish Traditionalist Falange (FET/JONS), the single party during the rule of Francisco Franco. Initials FN in counterchanged colors, or both in white or yellow, may be added to usually plain fields.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FN Flag (Type #1)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FN Flag (Type #2)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FN Flag (Type #3)


Image by Marcus Schmöger
FN Flag (Type #4)

New Force (Italy)
Forza Nuova

The Forza Nuova (FN) is an Italian far right political party. Founded by Roberto Fiore and Massimo Morsello, and supporting the ideas of Julius Evola, the party is a member of the European National Front and was a part of the Social Alternative from 2003 to 2006. The party policies are an interesting blend of National Socialist ideology and traditional Roman Catholicism.

New Force mostly uses two flags (Types #1 and #2) charged with its logo, which is a white rhomboid charged with party name initials in black and placed in centre of a larger red rhomboid which also contains party name inscribed in white above and below the central device. This logo is based on a common template used also by other European ultra-rightist movements which are members of the European National Front. Of these flags, the one much more used has black field (Type #2) and the logo height equal with the flag width, although some photos seem to show a black fimbriation. (Also see: Nordic Youth of Sweden and the New Right of Romania [Type #3] for similar flags.)

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
   
Image by Marcus Schmöger
FN Flag (Type #5)
   
FN Flag (Type #6)

At many New Force rallies, besides using the two main flags shown at the top left, a more traditional Italian Nazi Flag with the Sun Wheel (Type #5 and Type #6) has also been used both in red and black backgrounds. A NSDAP-style flag with the letters "FN" on a white disc also exists in variants of black and red colours, in fact, this variant can be found more frequently on the Web than the earlier one.

Image by Marcus Schmöger
   
Image by Marcus Schmöger
FN Flag (Type #7)
   
FN Flag (Type #8)

Either a black sun wheel or the letters FN, in somewhat different form, sometimes appear in the center stripe of the Italian Tricolor (Type #3). A sun wheel version (Type #4), the wheel usually in red, but also black, has also been reported. Also reported are Types #7 and #8 with either light blue or black backgrounds and an off-center green, white, and red rondel placed slightly behind large white block letters "FN" and words "Forza Nuova" written directly below.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FrN Flag

National Front (Spain)
Frente Nacional - FrN

The National Front operated under the name "The Phalanx" between 2006-2009 after a split in the Spanish neo-Phalangist Phalanx Party (La Falange) left both factions using the same name until in 2009, when a court ruling awarded the rival faction the exclusive use of the name. After the court ruling the FrN party officially adopted the name National Front which it had previously only used to identify itself on ballots for the purpose of elections. The split in La Falange occurred due to a dispute about the leadership. The leader of the faction which eventually became the National Front, and of the National Front until the disbanding, was Jose Fernando Cantalapiedra. It never achieved any significant success after 2009 and disbanded itself in 2011.

The party flag was blue, with the party name inscribed in white in two rows and a yellow-red quartered oblique shield, fimbriated white and placed in the top fly corner. The shield and inscription on blue field were also used as the party logo. While yellow and red were used as the national colors, blue, as the color of Phalangist shirt, was probably the only remaining reference to the origins of the party.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic/modified by Pete Loeser
FNU Flag

National Youth League (Sweden)
Förbundet Nationell Ungdom - FNU

The National Youth League is a neo-Nazi movement started in in 2011 by Robin Boström. It was started with financial help from the Party of the Swedes sponcered newspaper "National Today." The name was borrowed from the 1930s pro-Nazi National Youth League of Sweden (Sveriges nationella ungdomsförbund, SNU). There followed several other Nazi and neo-Nazi youth organizations with the same or similar names, the last being the National Youth, part of the Swedish Resistance Movement, which was dissolved in 2006. The current organization describes itself as "a platform for educating young ethnic Swedes through workshops, lectures, and martial arts training." The FNU has six chapters and a national organization.

Like many other similar Swedish groups, the FNU uses a flag in national colors, with a large gold Jeran rune on blue field. The proto-Germanic rune "Jeran" dates back to approximately AD 200-400 and means "good harvest." The flag was first seen in the town of Eskilstuna in 2012 at a demonstration organized jointly by the National Youth League and the Party of the Swedes.



FON Flag



JNS Flag

The National Order Front Movement (Chile)
Del Movimieto Frente Orden Nacional

The Del Movimieto Frente Orden Nacional (FON) sees national socialism as a new force standing between national and international adversity for the Chilean people.

The letter "N" stands for National Socialism, and is shown in the form of a ascending ray that points upward. This represent the birth of the movement and their goal to create a state which has as the main objective the spiritual development of the Chilean people according to the socialist values of the National Front, thus breaking with "the strings of a system that maintains its existance at the cost of our compatriots."

The Flag of the National Socialist Youth (JNS)

The movement, with the intention of "instilling habits of discipline" uses a special uniform which is worn by the members who have "been admitted" to participate in the ranks. They claim that the uniforms will lead to the "establishment of an egalitarian life," and be a "starting point" that is common to all Chileans.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FP Flag

Peru Phalanx 2005-2012 (Peru)
Falange Peru

The Peru Phalanx was a minor Peruvian Fascist political movement, active from 2005 to 2012, which seemed to have been modeled after the Spanish Phalanx. Their platform (political agenda) combined the national traditions of Spain and Peru with these of Fascist ideology.

Its flag, obviously derived from the Peruvian national flag, was defaced with the FP logo (a black emblem composed of five arrows behind an Iron Cross) which was centered on the white stripe. It should be noted that the logo design is quite similar to that used by the Blue Division, the Spanish volunteers' unit in the German Army on the Eastern Front, during World War II.


Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic
FSP Flag

People's Front Party 2008/Party of the Swedes 2009 (Sweden)
Folkfronten/Svenskarnas parti

The Party of the Swedes is a nationalistic political party, active in Sweden. It was founded by members of the former National Socialist Front in 2008 under the name People's Front, but was renamed in 2009 after it was revealed that a leftist party was already registered under that name. The leader of the party is Daniel Höglund, who was also one of the two leaders of the National Socialist Front. The FSP also has ties with a youth movement called the National Youth League (Förbundet Nationell Ungdom); although no official links exist with the party, they clearly have a close co-operation, and their leaders, according to the Swedish website Expo Skola, do have a common history of membership in the National Socialist Front.

The party flag uses a cross composed of Algiz (elk) runes as its main design element. Karl Maria Wiligut was responsible its adoptions by the NSDAP and it was subsequently used widely on insignia and literature during the Third Reich. Various forms of the Algiz rune are also commonly used by various Germanic Neopagan groups as a symbol of their religion. The flag field is yellow, the color which both symbolizes the sun and appears in the Swedish national flag.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FV Flag
(original version)

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
FV Flag
(newer variant)

Venezuelan Phalanx (Venezuela)
Falange Venezolana

The Venezuelan Phalanx is a minor political movement modelled after the Spanish Phalanx. The use of the term Falange refers to the ancient Spartan military formation and is used by several Fascist political movements and parties in Latin America.

Image by Blas Delgado Ortiz
Cross of Burgundy
(Spanish historical)

The first FV flag differs slightly from the original Spanish model in that it features an all-black field, which the FV claims is the only common feature with all Latin American Phalangist movement flags; the red color of yoke and arrows was kept unchanged. (Note: This flag is also similar in design to that of the defunct National Syndical American Falangist Party.) The second FV flag differs in that the black field is charged with a large red arrow cross. This variant made its appearance in 2002. Another flag commonly seen at FV rallies is the historical Spanish Cross of Burgundy.


Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic
Garda de Fier Flag 1927-1938


Image by Tomislav Todorovic and Mladen Mijatov
Garda de Fier Flag 1938-1941


Image by Dan Anton Dima
Garda de Fier Flag
(variant #1)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic and Mladen Mijatov
"New" Garda de Fier Flag
Not used by the original movement,
but by an organization using the same
name in the early 2000s. This variant would be also later used by the New Right Party.


The Iron Guard 1927-c1940 (Romania)
Garda de Fier

The Iron Guard was an ultra-nationalist, fascist, anti-communist, and extremist Orthodox Christian movement originally founded by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, an anti-Semitic professor at the Bucharest University in 1927. Originally known as "The Legion of the Archangel Michael" (Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail), then renamed the "Everything for the Country" (Totul pentru Tara) Party, and the "The Legionnaire Movement" ("Miscarea legionara), but the name most commonly given to this far-right Romanian movement and political party was "The Iron Guard."

Its members wore green uniforms, thus were sometimes called "Greenshirts" (Camasile verzi), and greeted each other using the Fasist Roman salute. The main symbol used by the Iron Guard was a triple cross, standing for the prison bars of martyrdom, and sometimes referred to as the "Archangel Michael Cross" (Crucea Arhanghelului Mihail).

The Iron Guard differed from other fascist movements because its membership, rather than the usual military veterans, came from the peasantry and students. However, the legionnaires shared the fascist love for violence and political assassinations. The black flag of the movement, with its swastika in a white circle, soon became well-known in Romania in the late 20s and the early 30s. It was originally used by the National Christian Party, a similar although less militant party, in whose founding Codreanu took part in 1923 before having broken away to found the Iron Guard. (A tricolor with the swastika was used later by the National Christian Defense League and the National Christian Party) After 1938, the swastika symbol was replaced by the triple cross and the black field on their flags was normally replaced with a green, but ocasionally a red one.

Image by Dan Anton Dima
   
Image by Dan Anton Dima
Garda de Fier Flag
(variant #2)
   
Garda de Fier Flag
(variant #3)

The movement took part in the Spanish Civil War, and they had two prominent martyrs, both close to Codreanu, who died in the battle of Majadahonda. In 1938, when Codreanu was assassinated after the Guard started its conflict with King Carol (Charles) II over his plans to convert the country into a fascist nation. A campaign of assassinations ensued by Guard "legionnaires" who formed death squads and even though they managed to kill the prime-minister, they were almost decimated in the process. The black grid flag was completely banned by the Antonescu regime in 1941 and the new Guard leader, Horia Sima (Codreanu's successor), was sent to Buchenwald concentration camp. He was released in 1944, became the head of the Romanian government in exile until 1945, but was never allowed to returned from exile and died in Spain.

A modern neo-Fascist successor to the Iron Guard calling themselves "The New Right" was founded in 2000.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
GJYP Flag

Great Japan Youth Party (Japan)
Dai-Nippon Seinen-tō

"Great Japan Youth Party", later renamed "Great Japan Sincerity Association" (Dai Nippon Sekisei-kai), was founded in 1937 by Colonel Kingoro Hashimoto during his forced retirement from military service because of his involvement in the attempted coup d´etat of 1936. The organization was modelled after the Hitler Youth and its goal was turning japan into a single-party totalitarian state modelled after the Third Reich. In 1940, it was grouped with other nationalist movements into the Imperial Rule Assistance Association (Taisei Yokusankai), where it served as the youth wing of the IRAA. The organization was dissolved in 1945 after the capitulation of Japan and Hashimoto was sentenced to life imprisonment.

The flag of Great Japan Youth Party was derived either from that of the Third Reich, by omitting the swastika, or from the Japanese national flag, by reversing the colors, or possibly from both of these flags. The pattern was also used on the armbands of the Nazi-style uniforms, as well as the decoration on the official documents of the party.

Golden Dawn Flags
with the Meander symbol

also known as the Greek Key pattern
or the Greek fret (maeandros)


Image by Thanos Tzikas
Golden Dawn Flag pre-2005


Images by Thanos Tzikas, modified by Tomislav Todorovic & Mladen Mijatov
Golden Dawn Flag pre-2005


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Golden Dawn Flag post-2007


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Golden Dawn Flag post-2007



Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Golden Dawn Flag 2010


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Golden Dawn Flag 2010
People's Association
of the Golden Dawn



Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Golden Dawn 2012
(Black and Gold Variant)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Golden Dawn 2012
(Red and White Variant)

Golden Dawn (Greece)
Chrysi Avyi

The Chrysi Avyi is the biggest extreme-rightist organization in Greece, not to be confused with the "Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn," a peaceful society dedicated to the philosophical, spiritual, and psychic evolution of humanity. The Greek "Golden Dawn" is anything but peaceful, and has been responsible for carrying out acts of violence and hate crimes against immigrants, political opponents and ethnic minorities. The group favored the use of two symbols: the meander (an ancient Greek decorative pattern) and the Sun Wheel. It ceased to exist as the separate organization in 2005, merging with the Patriotiki Symmahia (Patriotic Alliance), which used different symbols. In 2007, the Patriotic Alliance ceased to exist and the Golden Dawn announced its re-activation (and reintroduction of the meander and sun wheel). Since then, the website of Golden Dawn has been regularly updated. The same is true for Metopo Neolaeas (Youth Front) website, the youth wing of the organization.

Golden Dawn Sponsored Flags using the Sun Wheel (Celtic Cross)
These Sun Wheel variants are being used by a wide-variety of extremist groups today.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic & Mladen Mijatov
  
Image by Tomislav Todorovic & Mladen Mijatov
Variant #1
  
Variant #2
Image by Tomislav Todorovic & Mladen Mijatov
  
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Variant #3
  
Variant #4
Image by Tomislav Todorovic & Mladen Mijatov
  
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Variant #5
  
Variant #6 (un-verified)
Image by Tomislav Todorovic & Mladen Mijatov
  
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
Variant #7 (un-verified)
  
Green Wing Youth

Image by Tomislav Todorovic & Mladen Mijatov
Golden Dawn Banner
Also used by Unit 88 (New Zealand)

The Prasini Pteryga (Green Wing) is an ecologist organization founded by members of the youth wing of the Golden Dawn. It uses a green flag, charged with a white Celtic Cross with outer white and inner green fimbriations.

A new flag appearing in 2010 has blue field and is charged with a smaller maeandros (meander) within a wreath, between the inscriptions LAIKOS SYNDESMOS (People's Association) and H RYSI AYGI (Golden Dawn), possibly now the official name of the organization.

Another Golden Dawn flag (Variant #5), using a combination of a football (soccer) club colors (orange and blue), is now used by some fans of the Apoel Football Club of Nicosia, Cyprus. This is an example of how ultra-rightists attempt to infiltrate normal society, and by introducing their flag to football fans as a non-political symbol, it provides them with a valuable tool of later indoctrination.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
   
"Epsilon" Design 2011
   
Meander Variant 2012 (use unverified)

Two new Golden Dawn flags were introduced in 2011 and 2012. The first is charged with a large letter epsilon within a wreath, all black with white fimbriations, on a dark red field. The letter epsilon probably stands either for Ellas (Greece), Ethnos (Nation), or Ethnikismos (Nationalism). The second Golden Dawn flag appeared in 2012 and has a black Meander symbol with white fimbriations placed on a red shield with white border, all centered within a red wreath on a black field. "Golden Dawn" (in Greek) is spelled in red block letters directly below the wreath. Note: This second may only be an illustration used for Golden Dawn articles, its actual use as a flag is unverified.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
GR Flag

Green Rights (Belgium)
Groen Rechts

The Groen Rechts (GR) is an Ecologist ultra-rightist organization. The Green Rights website contains almost no information about the group, although since the logo of N-SA appears at the bottom of all the pages it suggests that members of the Nieuw-Solidaristisch Alternatief (Neo-Solidarist Alternative Movement) must have founded the GR. The flag of the Green Rights, with its black Celtic cross on a green field, also further suggest ties between two organizations.

The Groen Rechts green flag has been prominently displayed at various Flemish rightist demonstrations in recent years, suggesting an active membership in the area.


Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic
Hammerskin-Crew 38 Flag

Image by Pete Loeser
Hammerskin Nation Flag

Image by Pete Loeser
Confederate Hammerskin Flag

Hammerskin Nation (USA)

The Hammerskins, or Hammerskin Nation, are a white supremacist group formed in 1988 by Sean Tarrant in Dallas, Texas. Their primary focus seems to be the production and promotion of white power rock music, and many white power bands claim affiliation with them. The Hammerskins host several annual concerts, including the "Summer of Hate" concert and the "Hammerfest" in honor of deceased Hammerskin Joe Rowan, the lead singer of the band Nordic Thunder, which has become an annual event in both the United States and Europe.

The Anti-Defamation League describes them as the best-organized neo-Nazi skinhead group in the United States. They claim six chapters in the United States: The Northwestern Hammerskin Chapter (NWHS), Western Hammerskin Chapter (WHS), Confederate Hammerskins (CHS), Northern Hammerskin Chapter (NHS), Eastern Hammerskin Chapter (EHS), and the Midland Hammerskins (MHS). The ISVG (Institute for the Study of Violent Groups) says the movement is now international, with chapters existing in Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, New Zealand, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. According to them there are about 200 members with group affiliations with the Aryan Nations, Ku Klux Klan, National Alliance, Vinlanders, Volksfront, and White Aryan Resistance. The Hammerskins also have what they call supporter chapters, known as Crew 38, for non-members who support their activities.

The Hammerskins logo, "depicting two claw hammers crossed to resemble goose-stepping legs," is based on the 1982 film Pink Floyd The Wall. Their logos and motto "Hammerskins Forever, Forever Hammerskins" (HFFH) often appear on their buttons, T-Shirts, posters and tattoos. Crew 38 and Hammerskins members also frequently identify themselves with the slogan "838," meaning "hail the crossed hammers" (the acronym HCH translates into the eighth, third, and eighth letters of the alphabet).

The first Hammerskin flag shown here was used at the Summer of Hate concert, organized by the Western Hammerskins, the Southern California branch of The Hammerskin Nation. The second flag design has been also used as a badge and logo, and the Confederate Hammerskin flag has also reportedly been used as a square wall banner.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
HDJ Flag




Image by Tomislav Todorovic
HDJ Pennant

German Youth Loyal to the Homeland (Germany)
Heimattreue Deutsche Jugend (HDJ)

The Heimattreue Deutsche Jugend (HDJ) is a neo-Nazi youth association offering Hitler youth-style camping holidays and other youth activities for children and young people that attempts to familiarize participants with Nazi thinking and teach children, as young as six, that foreigners and Jews are a threat to the nation, leading them into right-wing extremism.

The HDJ emerged from the "League of Youth Loyal to the Homeland - Free League" (Bund Heimattreuer Jugend - Freibund), an organization originating in late 1950s that was based on the traditions of early 20th-century German youth movements, and co-operated closely with the Viking Youth and other neo-Nazi organizations until the late 1980s when it began distancing from them, causing its most extreme members to break away in 1990 and found "The Youth Loyal to the Homeland" (Die Heimattreue Jugend), renamed the HDJ in 2000.

Involvement of Viking Youth members in their activities, as well as the members' participation in acts of violence, resulted first in a ban on wearing uniforms in 2007, which they declared they wouldn´t obey, and eventually by the complete banning of the group itself in 2009. The HDJ website claimed it fought "for an independent Germany, for traditional values and for a lifestyle reflected in a healthy body, spirit and character. It also [fought] the use of English in the German mother tongue." Its newspaper "Firebrand" (Funkenflug) had a subtitle "Young, Stormy, Loyal to the People."

Since it is illegal to display Nazi symbols in Germany, the HDJ´s flag features a stylized campfire, but maintains the traditional national socialist colors of red, black and white. On some reported variants of the flag a caption in a red ribbon is located below the campfire reading Heimattreue Deutsche Jugend (German Youth Loyal to the Homeland).


Image by by Thierry Gilabert
IFL Flag



Artist Unknown
NSM "88" Flag

Imperial Fascist League (United Kingdom)

This was the flag of the Imperial Fascist League (IFL) a British Fascist movement led by Arnold Spencer Leese between 1928 until 1939. The IFL was a small group with never more than a few hundred members. They wore black shirts and were organized for street battles. Initially, they used the fasces as a symbol, but adopted the swastika superimposed on the Union Flag after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany.

The group was in harsh competition with the British Union of Fascists, and more than once there were street battles between the two extremist groups. Eventually, the BUF proved too strong, and by 1939, the IFL had largely disappeared. Their flag regained brief notoriety when a picture of it being used in a 1938 pro-nazi demonstration in London was re-published in a 1997 edition of Newsweek magazine.

The IFL flag got new life when it was adopted by the new National Socialist Movement 88 Britanna (NSM) the newest reincarnation of the movement in the United Kingdom under the leadership of a "Corporal John." Once again the NSM's core beliefs include (from their website) "...defending the rights of white people everywhere, preservation of our European culture and heritage, strengthening family values, economic self-sufficiency, reform of illegal immigration policies, immediate withdrawal of our national military from an illegal Middle Eastern occupation and promotion of white separation."


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
INP Flag (Type #1)

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
INP Flag (Type #2)

Nationalist Party (Iceland)
Flokkur Þjóðernissinna

Nationalist Party was founded in 1934 by fusion of the Icelandic Nationalist Movement (Þjóðhreyfing Íslendinga), founded in 1933, and their breakaway members - the original Nationalist Party. The party believed in Aryan supremacy and anti-Semitism, and intended to make Iceland a Corporativist state, but never developed a personality cult of a supreme leader. The membership never exceeded 450. The British invasion of Iceland in World War II in 1940 caused a mass exit from the party which was officially disbanded in 1944. In Iceland today, membership in the Nationalist Party is a matter of embarrassment and very few objects, including the party flags, have been saved, except perhaps by a small number of collectors who are interested in this period of Icelandic history.

The Nationalist Party used two different flags in national colors. The first flag added the swastika to the 19th Century proposal from which the national flag was derived. The swastika was placed on a white diamond, conjoined with the cross into a single charge. The second flag had a typical Nazi design, with red swastika on a white disk in center of blue field.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
IPGB Flag)


Integralist Party of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)

The Integralist Party of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, founded by Robert Stead and Benjamin Noyles, is a small political movement in Great Britain that seems to be a strange combination of neo-Fascistism, localism, traditionalism, trade unionism, corporatism, and environmentalism. It combines elements of both the political left and right, but claims not to be racist, although they do oppose mass immigration and what they call the EU "straightjacket." They see the nation as an organic unity, and feel that there has been a social, political, and economic decline suffered in Great Britain that must be corrected.

Their flag has a green lightning-bolt or thunderbolt on a white circle, called "the lightning in the sun," placed on a plain green field. The Integralist claims their symbol is a modern adaptation of the British Union of Fascist’s "action within unity" symbol, and although clearly derived from the BUF flag, the flag´s designer, Benjamin Noyles, once claimed the symbol isn't neo-Fascist in nature.



IAMF Flag

Iranian Aryan National Front (Iran)
Jebhe Nasionalisti-ye Iranian-e Arya

The Jebhe Nasionalisti-ye Iranian-e Arya (IAMF) is an ultra-nationalistic organization with Iranian national ideals as its prerogative. They emphasize Aryan Values and are definitely in support of the concept of Aryan Racial superiority.

Although the Iranian Aryan National Front is a new organization, they do supports a website with their views, agenda, and articles in a semi-organized format.


Image by Klaus-Michael Schneider
IBDA-C Flag

Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front (Turkey)
Islami Büyükdogu Akincilar Cephesi

The Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front is an Islamic militant hate group that follows the teachings of Necip Fazil Kisakürek and his racial hate philosophy of Büyük Dogu (Great East). The group's goal is to create a new Sunni Caliphate in the Middle East. They claim credit for attacks on Shia, Alevi, Christian, and Jewish diplomatic, business, and religious interests in Istanbul. The group has defiantly moved from rhetoric to violence and is credited with a series of 90 bombings and attacks in the 1990s.

The flag of IBDA-C is blue with three white crescents arranged in a triangular pattern at hoist. The inner crescent is accompanied by a white 5-pointed star.



INSM Flag

Iranian National Socialist Movement (Iran)
Jonbesh-e Nasional Sosialist-e Iran

The Jonbesh-e Nasional Sosialist-e Iran (INSM) is the latest addition to the Internet-based National Socialist organizations of Iran. Although the organization is Iranian, strangely enough they use the English script letters "INSM" centered on their flag standing for "Iranian National Socialist Movement."

The background colors on the flag (red-brown-black gold clockwise) are the colors used on the Derafsh-e-Kaviani, the oldest Persian flag dating back to the Persian empire. According to legend, it had be made of a long rectangular leather apron used by national hero Kaveh the ironsmith during the reign of King Fereidoun, and mounted on a spear. This leather banner became the symbol of Iranian independence, resistance, resilience and the revolutionary momentum of the masses revolt against evil invaders. Today it is known as the"Glorious Flag" of Iran.


Image by Eugene Ipavec
INBP Flag (Type #1)

Image by Pete Loeser
INBP Flag (Type #2)

Israeli National Bolshevik Party (Israel)
also National Bolsheviks of Israel

The Israeli National Bolshevik Party is a strange contradictory one. National Bolsheviks in other countries generally have an anti-Zionist and pro-Palestinian attitude, but their Israeli counterparts are openly Zionist and frequently co-operate with other extreme Zionist groups. They also claim the heritage of Poalei Zion and other Jewish leftist organizations from the Russian Empire (most of their members are immigrants from ex-USSR countries). They also frequently express the solidarity with the "repressed" Russian NazBols, but generally seem not to be very close with most of their European counterparts, who, as mentioned, are generally very anti-Zionist and pro-Palestinian.

According to the INBP itself: "Israel was invented and founded by Red Zionists geopolitically as part of Eurasia, from the beginning oriented towards the Eurasian continent and developed as a Red proletarian communal republic. We, the National Bolsheviks of Israel, see our global mission in the resurrection and reworking of the idea of very great social justice for the Workers of Zion in the context of an interconnection with Russian National Bolshevism and the construction of a single imperial state free from the tyranny of globalism."

Along with their Type#1 flag, the party sometimes also uses the "generic" National Bolshevik flag (Type #2) with the hammer and sickle on a white disc. However, it seems to be done quite rarely, mostly because the Nazi-looking design of the flag, which must be quite unpopular in Israel.


Image by Eugene Ipavec
JAU Flag

Army of the Nation (Palestine)
Jaysh al Ummah

The Army of the Nation is a small terrorist group based in the southern Gaza town of Khan Yunis and led by a man known only as Abu Hafss. The armed members of this group wear black robes over black pants with red or black "death squad" headbands. The group considers themselves "brothers" of the al-Qaida terror network and threaten not only to operate in the Giza-Tel Aviv area, but "God willing" to take the fight to Washington. Hamas has supported and allowed such extremist groups as the JUA to train openly in Palestine.

Abu Hafss's group has claimed responsibility for several recent mortar and rocket attacks on Israeli border communities, and is one of several small al-Qaida-inspired groups, such as the Army of the Nation and the Army of Islam, that have emerged in Gaza in recent years as the area goes deeper into poverty, which, of course, creates fertile ground for such militant groups.


Image by Jaume Ollé
Kahane Chai Flag
(This flag usually has various customized inscriptions added to it)

The "Thus Kahane Lives" Movement (Israel)
Kach Kahane Chai

The Kach Movement began as a far right political party in Israel, founded by Rabbi Meir Kahane in the early 1970s. It was barred from participating in elections after 1988 under Israeli elections laws that banned parties that incited racism. In 1990, Kahane was assassinated after making a speech in New York City.

After Kahane's assassination the party split with the Kahane Chai breaking away from the main Kach faction. Both the Kach and Kahane Chai Movements were banned outright in 1994, and today, both groups are considered terrorist organizations by Israel, Canada, the European Union, and the United States.

The group has been responsible for using explosives that has done damage to property, including an attempt to car bomb a Palestinian girls school in East Jerusalem, threatening and conspiring to carry out assassinations, and for soliciting funds and members for a terrorist organizations.


Knight's Party Flags


Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic   Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic

(Variants for wall hanging)

Knights' Party (USA)

The Knight's Party is now a registered political party whose purpose is to provide an avenue for the members of the Ku Klux Klan (see below) to run as political candidates in elections. They host a new look for their website and now claim to be "peacefully" seeking to abolish all discriminatory affirmative action programs. They wish to become known as the "White Rights Movement" and consider themselves as "the Last Hope for America." They are still in the same old business, but trying for a newer more "politically correct" look.

Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic
  
Image by Pete Loeser and Tomislav Todorovic
Knight's Party Flag with border
  
Knight's Party Flag without border

This new flag is clearly inspired by the traditional National Socialists design, but instead of white disc with a black swastika, it has a white diamond enclosing a black Sun Wheel. Flag variants include diamonds with black borders or without borders.


Image by António Martins
The Blood Drop Flag

Image provided by Rick Prohaska
The Duke Flag

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
The Sun Wheel Flag

Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (USA)

The Blood Drop symbol is most often used by various Klan organizations throughout the United States. Usually at clan rallies there are actually a lot more United States Flags displayed than KKK flags, despite their very un-American racial beliefs.

The Ku Klux Klan was established in Tennessee in 1866. Most of the leaders were former members of the Confederate Army and the first Grand Wizard was Nathan Forrest, a confederate general during the American Civil War. In the late 1800s and early 1900s Clansmen wearing masks, white cardboard hats and draped in white sheets, have been responsible for torturing and killing black Americans and sympathetic whites. The Civil Rights movement of the 1960s prompted a modern rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan activities that has persisted until the present day.

Image provided by Rick Prohaska
  
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
  
KKK - White Power
  
Blood Drop Variant
  
KKK-White Power-CSA

The variant KKK flag (red-white-red background with the center Blood Drop symbol) is commonly called the "Duke Flag" named for neo-Nazi, turned clan leader, David Duke. David Duke was also shown in KKK broadcast with a red flag (complete with centered white disk and black Sun Wheel) hanging on a wall behind him, apparently a holdover from his neo-Nazi days.

In addition to the American and Confederate flags, there is a KKK "White Power" flag with fist emblem centered on a black field, that occasionally appears at Clan rallies. A new, but undocumented flag is a KKK/White Power/CSA Flag currently being sold.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
NOKKKK Flag

New Order Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (USA)

Another small splinter group (or individual) claiming to be part of the KKK are calling themselves the New Order Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. Proclaiming themselves the "Blue Tunic Army," they claim that their mission is to preserve the white heritage, so future generations will know and learn from their history." They proclaim a strange combination of anti-semitism, national socialism, and Christianity claiming that National-Socialism is the way of the Aryan warrior, yet say their "dedication is to educate, not in hatred, but with pride for the race that (they) are a part of." Not much is really known about this group.

Their flag has a silver eagle and wreath reminiscent of those used by the Third Reich centered on a light blue field, holding a KKK Blood Drop symbol where one would expect the swastika to appear. The words "New Order Knights" in a black script are written above the badge, with the words "Ku Klux Klan" appearing below.


Image provided by Rick Prohaska
KKK-LLC Flag

The Ku Klux Klan, LLC 2003 (USA)

Headquartered in Compton, Arkansas, the Ku Klux Klan Limited Liability Company (KKK LLC), is yet another attempt to legitimize the KKK. A limited liability company (LLC) is a legal form of corporation that provides limited liability to its owners. Chartered in the State of Arkansas, and working under a legal business structure, this branch of the KKK claims its actions are all completely legal and aboveboard. They pay taxes, keep legitimate financial records of all their activities, and claim to act only as a resource for Klan philosophy and its meaning.

The emblem in the center of their flag is the "Triple Tau." They claim it is a symbol of Christianity dating back to the time of Christ. According to the Klan the cross symbol (a H bisected by a T) represents the Cross, God and Christ. A variant of this flag does not have the gold border surrounding the red field.


Image by A.H.
Libertarian Green Party

Libertarian National Socialist Green Party (USA)

The Libertarian National Socialist Green Party (LNSGP), is an American organization that cites the National Socialist German Workers Party as its primary ideological inspiration, while also incorporating elements of Libertarianism and the Green movement.

It has not been established whether LNSGP has any activity or existence other than through its website. It doesn't appear to have any active membership.




LANC Flag (1923-c.1927)



LANC Flag (c.1927-1935)

National Christian Defense League 1923-1935 (Romania)
Liga Apararii National Crestine - LANC

National Christian Defense League was founded in 1923, by transformation of the National Christian Union (Uniunea National Crestina), which was founded previous year. Founder and leader of both parties was Alexandru C. Cuza, a politician already known after his extreme anti-Semitism, in service of which he was using even the proposals that would otherwise sound progressive for those times, like universal male suffrage and land reform. Second position in the new party was held by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, whose political mentor Cuza was during previous years. The flag of National Christian Defense League was black with a white disc charged with a black swastika, all within a border in national colors. According to Codreanu, black field was the symbol of mourning, white disc symbolized the "hopes surrounded by the darkness they will have to conquer", while the swastika was adopted as the worldwide symbol of anti-Semitism. The last statement suggests that the symbol was actually borrowed from the Nazis of Germany, although Cuza later claimed that it was used in Romania since 1910, when he took part in founding of the Democratic Nationalist Party (Partidul Nationalist Democrat), from which he later broke away to found the National Christian Union, the party whose use of the swastika is indeed verified.

Although the National Christian Defense League drew inspiration from Italian Fascism and German Nazism, it was not as militant as these movements and Cuza was constantly refusing Codreanu's proposals to turn the party into a militia. This eventually caused a split in 1927, when Codreanu broke away to found the Iron Guard. New movement quickly took many supporters from the National Christian Defense League, which managed to survive, although somewhat weakened, until 1935, when it merged with the National Agrarian Party (Partidul National Agrar) to form the National Christian Party (Partidul National Crestin). Some time after the split, the National Christian Defense League adopted a new flag, Romanian tricolor with a black swastika in the center, which it transferred to its successor in 1935.


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
LITAS Flag


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
LNSVS Flag
(unverified)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
VLNDS "National" Flag


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
VLNDS "Party" Flag


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
LTDS Flag


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
LNSP Flag

Lithuanian National Union (Lithuania)
Lietuviu` Tautos Sa`junga - LITAS

The Lithuanian National Union, founded 2011, is the most current neo-Nazi party in Lithuania. It is the successor of a host of previous neo-Nazi organizations. To name a few:

  • Lithuanian Union of National Socialist Unity (LNSVS) - Lietuviu` Nacionalsocialine's Vienybe's Sa`junga (1996-1999)
  • Lithuanian National Democratic Party (LNDP) - Lietuvos Nacionaldemokratu` Partija (founded independently 1999-2009)
  • Lithuanian National Labour Union (LTDS) - Lietuviu` Tautinio Darbo Sa`junga (1999-2000)
  • Lithuanian National Socialist Party (LNSP) Lietuviu` Nacionalsocialine' Partija (2000-2001)
  • Unified Lithuanian National Workers Movement (VLNDS) - Vieningasis Lietuviu` Nacionaldarbininku` Sa`ju^dis (2007-2011)
All of these organizations, except the LNDP, were founded and led by the same man, Lithuanian neo-Nazi activist Mindaugas Murza (also known as Mindaugas Gervaldas). Each of these Lithuanian National Socialist Parties used a range of flags, many of which are derived from those of their predecessors. Regardless of their varying names and flags, members of all these groups attacked Lithuania's minorities of Jews, Poles and Russians, and demanded that these minorities be made to leave Lithuania. They also advocated restrictions on immigration and on the import of foreign goods and expressed doubts about whether Lithuania should seek EU membership. Mindaugas Murza compared globalism to Zionism, and preaches hatred of the Jews (anti-Semitism) and other Nazi policies, including paraphasing the German National Socialist slogan with "Lithuania, wake up!" Murza was imprisoned for his activities, but his followers still occassionally cause trouble.

Image by Tomislav Todorovic
    
Image by Tomislav Todorovic
LNDP Flag
(also briefly used by VLNDS)
    
LNSVS Flag
(used by LNDP and VLNDS as a "heritage" flag)

The VLNDS flag most frequently used was originally described as the "National" flag. The party described the cross as the combination of two swastikas, one right-facing and one left-facing. The flag they called the "Honor" flag has never appeared in any public demonstrations and was perhaps only used during private meetings, if any copies were made at all, for its design was never made known to the public. The VLNDS "Party" flag ("Organizational" flag, as it was called by them) was shown at the party website, but its actual use was not verifed so far. It is derived from the flag used by the LNDP in 2001-2007 (while Murza and his followers were its members) and also by the VLNDS in early 2007, but the white disc and black cross of the original design were reduced in size and superimposed over a "Black Sun," a well-known Nazi symbol, depicted here in gold color. To denote its ideological heritage, the VLNDS also sometimes used the flags of the Lithuanian Union of National Socialist Unity and the Lithuanian National Socialist Party.

The flag of the Lithuanian Union of National Socialist Unity (LNSVS) which featured a white swastika on a white outlined red disc placed on a red field, was most likely the flag of some earlier neo-Nazi group, because it does seem to be more traditional, and there have been many similar organizations previously in Lithuania. Their verified flag was similar to that of the LNDP, but was charged with a cross crosslet instead of the cross potent. The Lithuanian National Labour Union (LTDS), founded by a re-organization of the Lithuanian Union of National Socialist Unity (LNSVS), but replaced almost imediately the next year, used a flag that had a red cross crosslet on white field which differed from most used among the neo-Nazi groups in Lithuania that all favored red fields. Its replacement, the Lithuanian National Socialist Party (LNSP), used a red flag charged with a white cross crosslet on a white outlined red disc; the dark shade of red was also sometimes attributed to other flags used, but was verified only for this one.


Image by Ivan Sache
LOEF Party Standard

Image by Ivan Sache
LOEF Secretariat flag

The French Work (France)
L'Œuvre française

The French Work is a French ultranationalist movement, founded in 1968 by Pierre Sidos. Sidos has a long history of founding, providing leadership, and memberships in a variety of different extremist groups such as Young Nation, the Nationalist Party, 13 May People's Movement, Organization of the Secrete Army, to name just a few. Most of these organizations were banned by the French government for being either anti-semitic, neo-Nazi, racist, or prone to violence. Somehow, the French Work has remained marginally legal in the French political picture. The L'Œuvre française main goal seems to be replacing the French Republic with a new monarchy whose goal would be to return France to its "historic role and civilizing mission."

On the L'Œuvre française website there is much discussion on the origins and meaning of the "Celtic Cross" and its meaning and use as the party standard, explaining that they "rightfully consider the Celtic Cross as their oldest national emblem, without fearing any kind of comparison," one would guess, to the swastika used by the German Third Reich and the Celtic Crosses used by many other neo-Nazi nationalist groups.

The Four-Quartered flag was reported used as the emblem of the LOEF Secretariat during the Nationalist Congress (Congrés nationaliste), a gathering of various French ultra-rightist organizations.



Speculative Flag of the LRA
(possible reported color pattern)


Image by Pete Loeser
Speculative Flag of the LRA
(reported, but questioned)

Lord's Resistance Army (Uganda)

The Lord's Resistance Army (Lord's Resistance Movement), led by Joseph Kony, who proclaims himself the spokes person of God and the Holy Spirit, is a militant terrorist group which was started in 1987 in the Acholi region of Northern Uganda. The LRA operates in northern Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic. The LRA has been blamed for widespread human rights violations, including reported murder, abduction, mutilation, cannibalism, sexual enslavement, and seizing child conscripts to participate their terrorists activities. The LRA forces are now shrunken in size and on the defensive, with Ugandan Defense Forces, aided by American Special Forces commando trainers, determined to put an end to their violent activities. The remaining LRA forces appear to be now mostly active in the Orientale province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where the DRC provides a safe zone and refuses to allow Ugandan troops to enter in pursuit of the LRA.

The illustrated red-black-blue striped flag, although commonly presented as the LRA flag, might, according to Vexillologist Jaume Ollé, be a variant of a South Sudanese Liberation Movement flag photographed with South Sudanese guerrilla fighters operating within North Uganda and mistaken for the LRA. The colors are, however, the same as those used by the Uganda People's Congress Party, but with the top red-black stripes reversed. Many Ugandans still associate the UPC party with the military excesses of the past and especially the rule of the Military Junta of the early 1980s and the resulting civil war.

According to Ollé, the Lord's Resistance Army flag is a bicolored striped flag (either red-yellow or yellow-red) of two horizontal stripes (these colors are also present on the LRA uniforms). He adds that the flag is defaced with an emblem showing a half moon, a star, law tables, and a heart in the design. Unfortunately neither his red-yellow flag, or the commonly accepted red-black-blue flag, have been reliably documented, and since contact with the LRA is difficult, exactly which flag they are using, if any, remains a mystery.


Image by António Martins
MAN Flag
(Variant)

National Action Movement (Portugal)
Movimento de Acção Nacional

The Movimento de Acção Nacional (MAN) was a "classical" European-type neo-Nazi style movement, which operated from 1986 to 1992. They used a white lined Celtic Cross (Sun Wheel) on black flag. Technically, this was not a party, but a neo-fascist movement connected with groups of "skinheads" and football supporters.

After the murder of a black man in Lisbon by these skinheads, they where outlawed by court order because the Portuguese constitution prohibits organized movements that promote fascist ideology.


Image by Pete Loeser
PNSF Flag

Image from NDNMP Website
NDNMP Flag

Image by Pete Loeser
PDF Flag

Image by Pete Loeser
PFNF Flag

National Socialist Party of the Philippines 1930 (Philippines)
Partido Nacional Socialismo de Filipinas (PNSF)
Nationalist Democratic Maharlikan Party 2009
Partido democrático nacionalista de Maharlikan (NDNMP)
Right-wing Party of the Philippines 2010
Partido Derechista de Filipinas (PDF)

National Fascist Party of the Philippines 2012
Partido Fascista Nacional de Filipinas (PFNF)

Image from NDNMP Website
NDNMP Logo/Emblem

There are a number of neo-Nazi and neo-Fascist web-based organizations, all hosted on Facebook, that seem to all be the work of a small group of persons or person. According to these closely affiliated and similar websites, they all support goals of "anti-communism, militarism, the abolition of democracy and its ideals, the abolition of the old system of corruption, a strong ultra-nationalistic fervor, glorification of the past, statism, and glorification of the nation." The term "maharlika" refers to a feudal peasent warrior class that once existed in the Philippines, but in modern Filipino the term has come to mean "royal nobility." and has been adopted by these Filipino extremist. The word maharlika was used during the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos to describe Filipino nationalism, incorrectly indicating that it referred to the ancient Filipino kings and princes.

On their flags they claim that "red symbolizes the blood of the Filipino race, the blood which the fathers of our nation shed to attain freedom; the sun represents the eternal sunshine of the Philippines and its people which will last thousands of years; the eight rays of the sun represent our aims...and the eagle represents the might of the Philippines and its people."


Image by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán
Mexica Movement Flag

Indigenous Movement of the People of Anahuac Flag (Mexico)

As the self-proclaimed "revolutionary voice" of the indigenous people of Mexican descent, the Mexica Movement wants to unite North and Central America into the "Nation of Anahuac" whose rightful inhabitants are indigenous Native Americans. They advocate that all white Americans should return to their true homes in Europe, and leave the Americas to its original people. They view Latin Americans of Amerindian descent, Native Americans, and the Canadian First Nations as one people who are falsely divided by European-imposed borders.

The black-and-white design in the center of their flag represents the Mayan depiction of duality (life and death, male and female, matter and spirit, etc.). The four colors of the flag represent both the four directions, and the two solstices and two equinoxes of the solar year, which all play an important part in all indigenous believes and religions.


Image by António Martins
MNS Flag

Hungarian Welfare Association (Hungary)
Magyar Népjóléti Szövetség

The Magyar Népjóléti Szövetség (MNS) is a neo-fascist movement. It is small, but they are visible at public demonstrations on national days or anniversaries linked to World War II. The Hungarian Welfare Association, which has appeared under various names and in different guises, adheres openly to the legacy of the Hungarian fascist Arrow Cross, or Cross Star movement, led during the World War II by Ferenc Szalasi.

Various small groups, such as "Blood & Honour," are still active in organizing demonstrations on anniversaries linked to World War II and the legacy of Hungarian fascism.


Image by B1mbo - Spanish Wikipedia
MNSC Flag

National Socialist Movement of Chile (Chile)
Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile (MNSC)

The Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile (MNSC) was a political group started in 1932 and was active until 1938, which initially supported the ideas of Adolf Hitler, but later moved towards its own brand of fascism. Their flag used during this time was based on the first Chilean flag.

The movement was first formed in 1932 by General Diaz Valderrama, Carlos Keller, and Jorge González von Marées, who became leader. The party received financial support from the German population of Chile and claimed a membership of 20,000 people. The movement stressed what it saw as the need for one party rule and solidarity between classes, and soon set up its own paramilitary wing, the Tropas Nacistas de Asalto. However, support for Hitler was abandoned in the late 1930s and anti-semitism was scaled back, with a more domestic form of fascism being offered publicly.


Image by Ivan Sache
MNSVN Flag

National Socialist Movement - National Vanguard Flag (Peru)
Movimiento Nacional Socialista Vanguardia Nacional

One of the newest neo-Nazi groups in Peru is the Movimiento Nacional Socialista Vanguardia Nacional (MNSVN) which was founded in 2010, with branches in Lima, La Libertad and Lambayeque. The National Vanguard uses a flag featuring a black arrow pointing upwards, said to be the "tyr" rune (tiwaz). The rune, shaped as a raised spear symbolizes power, resistance, determination and fighting spirit, according to the group.

The flag, which is presented in the traditional National Socialists colors with red field, and white and black striped detailing, is reminiscent of one of the variants of the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) House Flag, with the tyr rune replacing the swastika.


Image by Eugene Ipavec
MNR Flag

Image by Eugene Ipavec
MNR Flag (unofficial variant)

Republican National Movement (France)
Mouvement national républicain

The Republican National Movement (MNR) was founded by Bruno Mégret in 1999 as a splinter of the extreme-right party National Front (FN or front national). Although political observers have considered the MNR to be a far-right party, the MNR presents itself as classical liberal and nationalist. It opposes immigration, Islamisation, and the European Union, but, unlike the National Front, supports free markets and neoliberalism.

The group uses the emblem an oak leaf, usually within a French tricolor flag. According to the party's website, "the oak leaf within the tricolor flag is the symbol of the struggle for our identity, of the attachment to our roots and of the continuity of our country. The oak symbolizes strength, nobleness and justice. In ancient Rome, the oak represented the civic virtues. It is shown in the arms of the [French] monarchy as well as in the arms of the Republic."

The flag of the MNR is vertically divided blue-red with, in the middle a white oak leaf with blue veins. The supporters of the MNR sometimes use another flag, probably unofficial, made of the French national flag charged in the middle of the white stripe with a tricolor oak leaf not reaching the horizontal edges of the flag.


Image by Ivan Sache
MNSDP Odal Rune Flag

Image by Blas Delgado Ortiz
Cross of Burgundy flag
(Spanish historical)

National Socialist Movement Awake Peru (Peru)
Movimiento Nacional Socialista Despierta Perú (MNSDP)

The Movimiento Nacional Socialista Despierta Perú (MNSDP) is a radical neo-Nazi group in Peru whose activities center around Cieneguilla according to the Peruvian police. Their motto of "Peru Awake" is obviously paraphrasing "Deutschland erwache!" (Germany awake!). The MNSDP formed what they called a super "creole" neo-Nazi group to celebrate Hitler's 119th birthday called the Peruvian National Socialist Union (UNSP - Unión Nacional Socialista Peruana) which briefly existed in 2008-2009.

The National Socialist Movement Despierta, in the tradition of the original National Socialists German Workers Party, maintains a militant and lightly armed "Brown Brigade," complete with flags, brown uniform shirts, black ties, and red and white MNSDP arm bands with the "Odal Rune" logos prominently displayed on them. The Odal Rune is also widely used by right-wing nationalist youth groups like the "Wiking Jugend" in Germany and "Afrikaner Student Federation" in South Africa.

The historical Spanish Cross of Burgundy has also been used by the MNSDP during their rallies. (The Cross of Burgundy was used as a military ensign in New Spain by Cortes and the Spanish Conquistadores in their conquest of the Mexico and later California.)


Image by Tomislav Todorovic
MNSPR Flag (2000-c2005)
National Syndicalist Movement of Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)
Movimiento Nacional Sindicalista de Puerto Rico

This movement was founded in 2000, as the refoundation of Falange Boricua. It never achieved any significant influence and seems not to have outlived the year 2005, since its website (existed 2004-2009) was not updated since then.

The MNSPR flag was a combination of those of the Falange Boricua and the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico: red yoke and arrows, outlined black and superimposed on white cross potent, all on black field.

- My thanks to Rick Prohaska, David Ott, Tomislav Todorovic, and Chrystian Kretowicz for their help on this page -
Much of this information is borrowed, sometimes edited, modified, and shorten from longer articles in Wikipedia encyclopedia.

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